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Genes 2012, 3(1), 35-61;

Comparative Genomics of Aeschynomene Symbionts: Insights into the Ecological Lifestyle of Nod-Independent Photosynthetic Bradyrhizobia

IRD-LSTM, UMR113, Campus de Baillarguet, 34398 Montpellier cedex 5, France
LABGeM, CEA-Genoscope & CNRS-UMR8030, 91057 Evry, France
LMBM, Faculté des Sciences, Université Mohammed V-Agdal, Av. Ibn Batouta BP 1014, Rabat, Morocco
Laboratoire de Bioénergétique Cellulaire, CEA Cadarache, DSV, IBEB, 13108 Saint Paul-lez-Durance, France
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 September 2011 / Revised: 8 November 2011 / Accepted: 23 November 2011 / Published: 21 December 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bacterial Genomes and Their Evolution)
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Tropical aquatic species of the legume genus Aeschynomene are stem- and root-nodulated by bradyrhizobia strains that exhibit atypical features such as photosynthetic capacities or the use of a nod gene-dependent (ND) or a nod gene-independent (NI) pathway to enter into symbiosis with legumes. In this study we used a comparative genomics approach on nine Aeschynomene symbionts representative of their phylogenetic diversity. We produced draft genomes of bradyrhizobial strains representing different phenotypes: five NI photosynthetic strains (STM3809, ORS375, STM3847, STM4509 and STM4523) in addition to the previously sequenced ORS278 and BTAi1 genomes, one photosynthetic strain ORS285 hosting both ND and NI symbiotic systems, and one NI non-photosynthetic strain (STM3843). Comparative genomics allowed us to infer the core, pan and dispensable genomes of Aeschynomene bradyrhizobia, and to detect specific genes and their location in Genomic Islands (GI). Specific gene sets linked to photosynthetic and NI/ND abilities were identified, and are currently being studied in functional analyses. View Full-Text
Keywords: rhizobia; genomics; Bradyrhizobium; Aeschynomene; nod-independent rhizobia; genomics; Bradyrhizobium; Aeschynomene; nod-independent

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Mornico, D.; Miché, L.; Béna, G.; Nouwen, N.; Verméglio, A.; Vallenet, D.; Smith, A.A.; Giraud, E.; Médigue, C.; Moulin, L. Comparative Genomics of Aeschynomene Symbionts: Insights into the Ecological Lifestyle of Nod-Independent Photosynthetic Bradyrhizobia. Genes 2012, 3, 35-61.

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