Next Article in Journal
Can Control of Glyphosate Susceptible and Resistant Conyza sumatrensis Populations Be Dependent on the Herbicide Formulation or Adjuvants?
Previous Article in Journal
Protection of Highbush Blueberry Plants against Phytophthora cinnamomi Using Serendipita indica
Previous Article in Special Issue
Optimising Sample Preparation and Calibrations in EDXRF for Quantitative Soil Analysis
Open AccessArticle

Phytoextraction with Maize of Soil Contaminated with Copper after Application of Mineral and Organic Amendments

1
Department of Environmental Chemistry, Faculty of Environmental Management and Agriculture, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Łódzki 4 Sq., 10-727 Olsztyn, Poland
2
Department of Agricultural and Environmental Chemistry, Faculty of Agrobioengineering, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Akademicka 15 Str., 20-950 Lublin, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Agronomy 2020, 10(10), 1597; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10101597
Received: 10 September 2020 / Revised: 14 October 2020 / Accepted: 15 October 2020 / Published: 18 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Remediation of Contaminated Soil for Food Security)
This study aimed to determine the possibility to increase the the effect of different amendments (compost, bentonite and zeolite) on the shoot yield and the concentration of trace elements in shoots of maize (Zea mays L.) on soil contaminated with Cu. The yield of shoots and concentration of the trace elements in shoots of maize depended on Cu dose and amendment incorporation into the sandy soil. Cu-spiked soil caused an increase the yield of shoots (only to 100 mg Cu/kg of soil), in the concentration of Cu, Co, Mn, Ni and Fe in shoots of maize and, to a smaller degree, in the concentration of Zn and bioconcentration factor (BCF) of all elements except copper, compared to the control soil without Cu. Under the influence of 150 and 200 mg Cu per kg of soil, a decrease in yield of shoots of maize was observed. Compost, bentonite and zeolite increased the yield of shoots and reduced the concentration of Cu, Co, Mn, Fe and Zn in shoots of maize. Bentonite had a more positive effect than compost and zeolite on the yield of shoots and the concentration of Co, Mn and Zn in shoots of maize. The effect of these amendments on the Cu and Fe concentration in shoots of maize was reverse. A reverse effect of these amendments (especially bentonite and zeolite) on the Ni concentration in plants was observed. The amendments applied to soil, especially compost, increased the BCF of Ni and, to a small degree, BCF of Cu in shoots of maize, compared to the control series. Compost, zeolite and especially bentonite are very good amendments in the restoration of maize growth in polluted areas. View Full-Text
Keywords: copper contamination; amendments; Zea mays L.; trace elements copper contamination; amendments; Zea mays L.; trace elements
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Wyszkowski, M.; Brodowska, M.S. Phytoextraction with Maize of Soil Contaminated with Copper after Application of Mineral and Organic Amendments. Agronomy 2020, 10, 1597.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop