Next Article in Journal
Crystal, Fivefold and Glass Formation in Clusters of Polymers Interacting with the Square Well Potential
Previous Article in Journal
Rheology in the Presence of Carbon Dioxide (CO2) to Study the Melt Behavior of Chemically Modified Polylactide (PLA)
Previous Article in Special Issue
Superior Ionic Transferring Polymer with Silicon Dioxide Composite Membrane via Phase Inversion Method Designed for High Performance Sodium-Ion Battery
Open AccessArticle

Maleamic Acid as an Organic Anode Material in Lithium-Ion Batteries

1
Graduate Institute of Applied Science and Technology, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taipei 106, Taiwan
2
Sustainable Energy Center, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taipei 106, Taiwan
3
Department of Chemical Engineering, Chung Yuan Christian University, Taoyuan 320, Taiwan
4
R&D Center for Membrane Technology, Chung Yuan Christian University, Taoyuan 320, Taiwan
5
Graduate School of Biochemical Engineering, Ming Chi University of Technology, New-Taipei City 243, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Polymers 2020, 12(5), 1109; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12051109
Received: 14 April 2020 / Revised: 5 May 2020 / Accepted: 10 May 2020 / Published: 13 May 2020
Low-molecular-weight carbonyl-containing compounds are considered beneficial energy storage materials in alkali metal-ion/alkaline earth metal-ion secondary batteries owing to the ease of their synthesis, low cost, rapid kinetics, and high theoretical energy density. This study aims to prepare a novel carbonyl compound containing a maleamic acid (MA) backbone as a material with carbon black to a new MA anode electrode for a lithium-ion battery. MA was subjected to attenuated total reflection-Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, and its morphology was assessed through scanning electron microscopy, followed by differential scanning calorimetry to determine its thermal stability. Thereafter, the electrochemical properties of MA were investigated in coin cells (2032-type) containing Li metal as a reference electrode. The MA anode electrode delivered a high reversible capacity of about 685 mAh g−1 in the first cycle and a higher rate capability than that of the pristine carbon black electrode. Energy bandgap analysis, electrochemical impedance, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy revealed that MA significantly reduces cell impedance by reforming its chemical structure into new nitrogen-based highly ionic diffusion compounds. This combination of a new MA anode electrode with MA and carbon black can increase the performance of the lithium-ion battery, and MA majorly outweighs transitional carbon black. View Full-Text
Keywords: maleamic acid; carbon black; lithium-ion batteries; organic anode maleamic acid; carbon black; lithium-ion batteries; organic anode
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Atsbeha Kahsay, B.; Wang, F.-M.; Hailu, A.G.; Su, C.-H. Maleamic Acid as an Organic Anode Material in Lithium-Ion Batteries. Polymers 2020, 12, 1109.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop