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Article

Assessing the Radiological Density and Accuracy of Mandible Polymer Anatomical Structures Manufactured Using 3D Printing Technologies

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Aeronautics, Rzeszów University of Technology, 35-959 Rzeszów, Poland
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Polymers 2020, 12(11), 2444; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12112444
Received: 18 September 2020 / Revised: 18 October 2020 / Accepted: 19 October 2020 / Published: 22 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Polymer Analysis and Characterization)
Nowadays, 3D printing technologies are among the rapidly developing technologies applied to manufacture even the most geometrically complex models, however no techniques dominate in the area of craniofacial applications. This study included 12 different anatomical structures of the mandible, which were obtained during the process of reconstructing data from the Siemens Somatom Sensation Open 40 system. The manufacturing process used for the 12 structures involved the use of 8 3D printers and 12 different polymer materials. Verification of the accuracy and radiological density was performed with the CT160Xi Benchtop tomography system. The most accurate results were obtained in the case of models manufactured using the following materials: E-Model (Standard Deviation (SD) = 0.145 mm), FullCure 830 (SD = 0.188 mm), VeroClear (SD = 0.128 mm), Digital ABS-Ivory (SD = 0.117 mm), and E-Partial (SD = 0.129 mm). In the case of radiological density, ABS-M30 was similar to spongious bone, PC-10 was similar to the liver, and Polylactic acid (PLA) and Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) were similar to the spleen. Acrylic resin materials were able to imitate the pancreas, kidney, brain, and heart. The presented results constitute valuable guidelines that may improve currently used radiological phantoms and may provide support to surgeons in the process of performing more precise treatments within the mandible area. View Full-Text
Keywords: polymer materials; additive manufacturing; radiological density; accuracy; mandible polymer materials; additive manufacturing; radiological density; accuracy; mandible
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MDPI and ACS Style

Turek, P.; Budzik, G.; Przeszłowski, Ł. Assessing the Radiological Density and Accuracy of Mandible Polymer Anatomical Structures Manufactured Using 3D Printing Technologies. Polymers 2020, 12, 2444. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12112444

AMA Style

Turek P, Budzik G, Przeszłowski Ł. Assessing the Radiological Density and Accuracy of Mandible Polymer Anatomical Structures Manufactured Using 3D Printing Technologies. Polymers. 2020; 12(11):2444. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12112444

Chicago/Turabian Style

Turek, Paweł, Grzegorz Budzik, and Łukasz Przeszłowski. 2020. "Assessing the Radiological Density and Accuracy of Mandible Polymer Anatomical Structures Manufactured Using 3D Printing Technologies" Polymers 12, no. 11: 2444. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12112444

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