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Open AccessArticle

Effect of Panel Construction on the Ballistic Performance of Multiply 3D through-the-Thickness Angle-Interlock fabrIc Reinforced Composites

1
Beijing Key Laboratory of Clothing Materials R & D and Assessment, Beijing Engineering Research Center of Textile Nanofiber, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing Institute of Fashion Technology, Beijing 100029, China
2
Henry Moseley X-Ray Imaging Facility, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
3
College of Textile Engineering, Zhongyuan Institute of Technology, Zhengzhou 450000, China
4
School of Materials, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Polymers 2019, 11(2), 198; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym11020198
Received: 29 November 2018 / Revised: 6 January 2019 / Accepted: 21 January 2019 / Published: 24 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Multi-functional Polymer Composites and Structures)
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Abstract

This paper studied the ballistic performance of 3D woven angle-interlock fabric reinforced composites with different types of panel construction. Two types of composites P10B and P17C were designed to have the same areal density of around 12 kg/m2 although they both had different ply areal densities and consisted of different numbers of plies. Non-perforated ballistic impacts were conducted on the two types of panels under the same level of impact energy. Post-mortem examination on the non-perforated panels was conducted through the cross-sectional images, planar projected delamination and 3D damage volume extracted from the non-destructive tests. Three distinctive sections of damage were segmented from the non-perforated panels, each indicating different material failure modes upon impact. Under the same areal density, the coarser composite panel P10B with a larger ply areal density and fewer reinforcement plies would result in less damage. The damage volume of P10B is nearly one-third that of the P17C. The findings are instructive for the design of 3D woven fabric continuously reinforced composites with doubly-curved shapes. View Full-Text
Keywords: textile composites; ballistic performance; X-ray CT; 3D woven fabric; delamination textile composites; ballistic performance; X-ray CT; 3D woven fabric; delamination
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Min, S.; Chai, Y.; Chu, Y.; Chen, X. Effect of Panel Construction on the Ballistic Performance of Multiply 3D through-the-Thickness Angle-Interlock fabrIc Reinforced Composites. Polymers 2019, 11, 198.

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