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Kinetic Modeling of Dihydroxyacetone Production from Glycerol by Gluconobacter oxydans ATCC 621 Resting Cells: Effect of Fluid Dynamics Conditions

Chemical Engineering and Materials Department, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
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Catalysts 2020, 10(1), 101; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal10010101
Received: 14 October 2019 / Revised: 3 January 2020 / Accepted: 7 January 2020 / Published: 10 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Glycerol Upgrading Processes)
Dihydroxyacetone production from glycerol has been studied. Cultures of Gluconobacter oxydans ATCC 621, a promising microorganism that is able to convert glycerol into dihydroxyacetone, has been employed. In this work, the influence of oxygen transport rate and the fluid dynamic conditions have been studied working with resting cells cultures. Several experiments were carried out at two different scales: 250 mL Erlenmeyer flasks and a 2 L stirred tank bioreactor, varying the agitation speed. Product and substrate concentration were determined employing high-performance liquid chromatography. Additionally, oxygen concentration was measured in the runs carried out in stirred tank reactors. Taking into account the results obtained in these experiments, three different behaviors were observed, depending on the mass transfer and chemical reactions rates. For experiments with low stirring speed (below 200 rpm for shake flasks and 300 rpm for reactors), the oxygen transport rate is the controlling step, while at high stirring speed (over 300 rpm in shake flasks and 560 rpm in the bioreactor), the chemical reaction is controlling the overall process rate. In some runs conducted at medium agitation, a mix control was found. All the kinetic models were able to reproduce experimental data and fulfill thermodynamic and statistical criteria, highlighting the importance of the mass transfer rate upon this system. View Full-Text
Keywords: dihydroxyacetone; kinetic modelling; oxygen transfer rate; glycerol valorization; Gluconobacter oxydans dihydroxyacetone; kinetic modelling; oxygen transfer rate; glycerol valorization; Gluconobacter oxydans
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de la Morena, S.; Wojtusik, M.; Santos, V.E.; Garcia-Ochoa, F. Kinetic Modeling of Dihydroxyacetone Production from Glycerol by Gluconobacter oxydans ATCC 621 Resting Cells: Effect of Fluid Dynamics Conditions. Catalysts 2020, 10, 101.

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