Potent In Vitro and In Vivo Anticancer Activity of New Bipyridine and Bipyrimidine Gold (III) Dithiocarbamate Derivatives
AbstractWe synthesized eight new bipyridine and bipyrimidine gold (III) dithiocarbamate-containing complexes (C1–C8) and tested them in a panel of human cancer cell lines. We used osteosarcoma (MG-63), lung (A549), prostate (PC3 and DU145), breast (MCF-7), ovarian (A2780 and A2780cis, cisplatin- and doxorubicin-resistant), and cervical (ME-180 and R-ME-180, cisplatin resistant) cancer cell lines. We found that C2, C3, C6, and C7 were more cytotoxic than cisplatin in all cell lines tested and overcame cisplatin and doxorubicin resistance in A2780cis and R-ME-180 cells. In the PC3 prostate cancer cell line, the gold (III) complex C6 ([Au2(BPM)(DMDTC)2]Cl4) induced apoptosis and double-stranded DNA breaks, modified cell cycle phases, increased Reactive Oxigen Species (ROS) generation, and reduced thioredoxin reductase and proteasome activities. It inhibited PC3 cell migration and was more cytotoxic against PC3 cells than normal human adipose-derived stromal cells. In mice bearing PC3 tumor xenografts, C6 reduced tumor growth by more than 70% without causing weight loss. Altogether, our results demonstrate the anticancer activity of these new gold (III) complexes and support the potential of C6 as a new agent for prostate cancer treatment. View Full-Text
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Altaf, M.; Casagrande, N.; Mariotto, E.; Baig, N.; Kawde, A.-N.; Corona, G.; Larcher, R.; Borghese, C.; Pavan, C.; Seliman, A.A.; Aldinucci, D.; Isab, A.A. Potent In Vitro and In Vivo Anticancer Activity of New Bipyridine and Bipyrimidine Gold (III) Dithiocarbamate Derivatives. Cancers 2019, 11, 474.
Altaf M, Casagrande N, Mariotto E, Baig N, Kawde A-N, Corona G, Larcher R, Borghese C, Pavan C, Seliman AA, Aldinucci D, Isab AA. Potent In Vitro and In Vivo Anticancer Activity of New Bipyridine and Bipyrimidine Gold (III) Dithiocarbamate Derivatives. Cancers. 2019; 11(4):474.Chicago/Turabian Style
Altaf, Muhammad; Casagrande, Naike; Mariotto, Elena; Baig, Nadeem; Kawde, Abdel-Nasser; Corona, Giuseppe; Larcher, Roberto; Borghese, Cinzia; Pavan, Claudia; Seliman, Adam A.; Aldinucci, Donatella; Isab, Anvarhusein A. 2019. "Potent In Vitro and In Vivo Anticancer Activity of New Bipyridine and Bipyrimidine Gold (III) Dithiocarbamate Derivatives." Cancers 11, no. 4: 474.
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