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Micromachines 2018, 9(6), 256; https://doi.org/10.3390/mi9060256

Fabrication of Random Microwell Arrays as Pseudo-Thermal Speckle Light Source

1
Institute of Optics and Electronics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610209, China
2
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 April 2018 / Revised: 15 May 2018 / Accepted: 21 May 2018 / Published: 24 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Micro-Machining: Challenges and Opportunities)
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Abstract

Quantum correlated imaging using the intensity fluctuations of thermal light possesses advantages of high resolution and strong anti-interference ability. The common method to produce pseudo-thermal light source is using a rotary ground glass and transmission of laser beam. In the present work, we propose a method for the fabrication of microwell arrays with randomly varied diameters, which could be used as a new structural element for pseudo-thermal speckle light source. If these are etched with random sizes then they may also have random and complex varying curvatures (diffusion limited etching) leading to random destructive interference of the coherent beam which could be a good thing. The microwell arrays, with diameters randomly varying from 5 μm to 40 μm, height varying from 200 nm to 20 μm, were fabricated by photolithography combined with acid etching. The experimental conditions are simple and can be scaled up to for large structures. The produced microwell arrays can transform the laser beam to a pseudo-thermal light source with a certain divergent angle by rational designing of mask and adjustable process parameters. View Full-Text
Keywords: microfabrication; microwell arrays; speckle light source; pseudo-thermal source microfabrication; microwell arrays; speckle light source; pseudo-thermal source
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Cao, A.; Pang, H.; Wang, J.; Shi, L.; Deng, Q.; Hu, S. Fabrication of Random Microwell Arrays as Pseudo-Thermal Speckle Light Source. Micromachines 2018, 9, 256.

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