Next Article in Journal
Postprandial Effects of Blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium) Consumption on Glucose Metabolism, Gastrointestinal Hormone Response, and Perceived Appetite in Healthy Adults: A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Crossover Trial
Next Article in Special Issue
Iodine Biofortification of Four Brassica Genotypes is Effective Already at Low Rates of Potassium Iodate
Previous Article in Journal
Evaluation of the Recipe Function in Popular Dietary Smartphone Applications, with Emphasize on Features Relevant for Nutrition Assessment in Large-Scale Studies
Previous Article in Special Issue
Stabilization of Vitamin D in Pea Protein Isolate Nanoemulsions Increases Its Bioefficacy in Rats
Open AccessArticle

Awareness and Attitudes Regarding Industrial Food Fortification in Mongolia and Harbin

1
Department of Nutrition, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
2
Department of Monitoring, State Agency for Specialized Inspection, Ulaanbaatar 15170, Mongolia
3
Department of Sociology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
4
Department of Graduate Studies, Heilongjiang University of Chinese Medicine, Harbin 150040, China
5
Department of Humanities and Management, Heilongjiang University of Chinese Medicine, Harbin 150040, China
6
Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
7
Department of Nutrition, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health and Channing Division of Network Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(1), 201; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11010201
Received: 20 December 2018 / Revised: 14 January 2019 / Accepted: 16 January 2019 / Published: 19 January 2019
This study assessed awareness and attitudes regarding industrial food fortification among adults in urban and rural Mongolia, and the city of Harbin, China. Between 2014 and 2017, surveys were collected from healthy men and women aged ≥18 years (182 Harbin residents and 129 urban and rural Mongolians participating in a nationwide nutrition survey in Mongolia). Survey reproducibility was assessed among 69 Mongolian participants to whom it was administered twice (summer and winter). Findings revealed that only 19% of rural and 30% of urban Mongolians, and 48% of Harbin residents were aware that industrial fortification is practiced in their countries. For most food groups evaluated, at least half of Mongolians and less than half of Harbin residents thought fortification was government-mandated (only the addition of iodine with salt is actually mandated in both countries). Fifty-five percent of rural and urban Mongolians favored mandatory fortification of foods, 14% disapproved of it, and 31% were uncertain (compared with 25%, 38%, and 37% respectively in Harbin). Upon learning that the primary purpose of adding vitamin D to milk is to prevent rickets, 75% of Mongolians but only 18% of Harbin residents favored mandatory fortification, while 42% of Harbin residents favored voluntary fortification (compared with <10% of Mongolians). In conclusion, in Mongolia and Harbin, awareness and understanding of food fortification is low, as is receptivity toward mandatory fortification. Health promotion and social marketing should be designed to create an enabling environment for increasing supply and demand of fortified foods, in support of upcoming program implementation in Mongolia and potential future legislation in northeern China. View Full-Text
Keywords: food fortification; nutrition policy; consumer attitudes; food choice; nutrition knowledge; functional food; Mongolia; China food fortification; nutrition policy; consumer attitudes; food choice; nutrition knowledge; functional food; Mongolia; China
MDPI and ACS Style

Bromage, S.; Gonchigsumlaa, E.; Traeger, M.; Magsar, B.; Wang, Q.; Bater, J.; Li, H.; Ganmaa, D. Awareness and Attitudes Regarding Industrial Food Fortification in Mongolia and Harbin. Nutrients 2019, 11, 201.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop