Comprehensive Annual Ice Sheet Velocity Mapping Using Landsat-8, Sentinel-1, and RADARSAT-2 Data
AbstractSatellite remote sensing data including Landsat-8 (optical), Sentinel-1, and RADARSAT-2 (synthetic aperture radar (SAR) missions) have recently become routinely available for large scale ice velocity mapping of ice sheets in Greenland and Antarctica. These datasets are too large in size to be processed and calibrated manually as done in the past. Here, we describe a methodology to process the SAR and optical data in a synergistic fashion and automatically calibrate, mosaic, and integrate these data sets together into seamless, ice-sheet-wide, products. We employ this approach to produce annual mosaics of ice motion in Antarctica and Greenland with all available data acquired on a particular year. We find that the precision of a Landsat-8 pair is lower than that of its SAR counterpart, but due to the large number of Landsat-8 acquisitions, combined with the high persistency of optical surface features in the Landsat-8 data, we obtain accurate velocity products from Landsat that integrate well with the SAR-derived velocity products. The resulting pool of remote sensing products is a significant advance for observing changes in ice dynamics over the entire ice sheets and their contribution to sea level. In preparation for the next generation sensors, we discuss the implications of the results for the upcoming NASA-ISRO SAR mission (NISAR). View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Mouginot, J.; Rignot, E.; Scheuchl, B.; Millan, R. Comprehensive Annual Ice Sheet Velocity Mapping Using Landsat-8, Sentinel-1, and RADARSAT-2 Data. Remote Sens. 2017, 9, 364.
Mouginot J, Rignot E, Scheuchl B, Millan R. Comprehensive Annual Ice Sheet Velocity Mapping Using Landsat-8, Sentinel-1, and RADARSAT-2 Data. Remote Sensing. 2017; 9(4):364.Chicago/Turabian Style
Mouginot, Jeremie; Rignot, Eric; Scheuchl, Bernd; Millan, Romain. 2017. "Comprehensive Annual Ice Sheet Velocity Mapping Using Landsat-8, Sentinel-1, and RADARSAT-2 Data." Remote Sens. 9, no. 4: 364.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.