Mining goafs can cause many hazards, such as burst water, spontaneous combustion of coal seams, surface collapse, etc. In this paper, a feature-points-based method for the efficient location of mining goafs is proposed. Different interferometric synthetic aperture radar (DInSAR) is used to monitor the subsidence basin caused by mining. Using the principles of the probability integral method (PIM), the inflection points and the boundary points of the basin monitored by DInSAR are determined and used as feature points to locate the goaf. In this paper, the necessity of locating goafs and the traditional methods used for this task are discussed first. Then, the results of verifying the proposed method by both a simulation experiment and real data experiment are presented. Six RADARSAT-2 images from 13th October 2015 to 5th March 2016 were used to acquire the subsidence basin caused by the 15235 working faces of the Jiulong mining area. The average relative errors of the simulation experiment and real data experiment were about 6.43% and 12.59%, respectively. The average absolute errors of the simulation experiment and real data experiment were about 28 m and 38 m, respectively. In the final part of this paper, the error sources are discussed to illustrate the factors that can affect the location result.
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