In this work, the statistical fundaments of the recently proposed enhanced, multi-temporal interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) noise-filtering (E-MTInSAR) technique is addressed. The adopted noise-filtering algorithm is incorporated into the improved extended Minimum Cost Flow (EMCF) Small Baseline Subset (SBAS) differential interferometric SAR (InSAR) processing chain, which has extensively been used for the generation of Earth’s surface displacement time-series in several different contexts. Originally, the input of the InSAR EMCF-SBAS processing toolbox consisted of a sequence of multi-looked, small baseline interferograms, which were unwrapped using the space-time EMCF phase unwrapping algorithm. Subsequently, the unwrapped interferograms were inverted through the SBAS algorithm to retrieve the expected InSAR deformation products. The improved processing chain has complemented the original codes with two additional steps. In particular, a new multi-temporal noise-filtering algorithm for sequences of time-redundant multi-looked DInSAR interferograms, followed by a proper interferogram selection step, has been proposed. This research study is aimed at primarily assessing the performance of the E-MTInSAR noise-filtering algorithm from a theoretical perspective. To this aim, the principles of directional statistics and errors propagation are exploited. Experimental results, carried out by applying the E-MTInSAR algorithm to a sequence of SAR data collected over the Los Angeles bay area, have been used to corroborate the academic outcome of this research.
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