The German Aerospace Center’s (DLR) TIMELINE project (“Time Series Processing of Medium Resolution Earth Observation Data Assessing Long-Term Dynamics in our Natural Environment”) aims to develop an operational processing and data management environment to process 30 years of National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)—Advanced Very High-Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) raw data into Level (L) 1b, L2, and L3 products. This article presents the current status of the fully automated L3 burnt area mapping processor, which is based on multi-temporal datasets. The advantages of the proposed approach are (I) the combined use of different indices to improve the classification result, (II) the provision of a fully automated processor, (III) the generation and usage of an up-to-date cloud-free pre-fire dataset, (IV) classification with adaptive thresholding, and (V) the assignment of five different probability levels to the burnt areas detected. The results of the AVHRR data-based burn scar mapping processor were validated with the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) burnt area product MCD64 at four different European study sites. In addition, the accuracy of the AVHRR-based classification and that of the MCD64 itself were assessed by means of Landsat imagery.
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