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Open AccessArticle

Urban Flood Adaptation through Public Space Retrofits: The Case of Lisbon (Portugal)

Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de Arquitetura, CIAUD, Centro de Investigação em Arquitetura, Urbanismo e Design, Rua Sá Nogueira, Pólo Universitário do Alto da Ajuda, Lisbon 1349-063, Portugal
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Tan Yigitcanlar
Sustainability 2017, 9(5), 816;
Received: 8 March 2017 / Revised: 22 April 2017 / Accepted: 5 May 2017 / Published: 13 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Urban and Rural Development)
A “Conceptual Framework of flood adaptation measures applicable in the design of public spaces” was previously created with the objective of increasing the rate of successful flood adaptation endeavors, fulfill municipal goals for more adaptive cities and facilitate the initial brainstorming phases of a public space design process. This research aims to assess the relevance and applicability of this Conceptual Framework on the particular municipal context of Lisbon. The paper starts by demonstrating the city’s existing vulnerabilities and projected climate change scenarios, where it is possible to confirm that floods are indeed a recurrent phenomenon that will aggravate in the near and distant future. Subsequently, municipal endeavors up to the present time are analyzed with the purpose of assessing if the Conceptual Framework provides additional types of flood adaptation measures that may be considered. In a final stage, additional types of adaptation measures highlighted by the Conceptual Framework are assessed with regard to their application and infrastructural relevance. In light of the presented results, which confirm the infrastructural benefits of the additional measures proposed, new discussions emerge specifically regarding Lisbon’s municipal flood adaptation management and its relation with public space design. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; adaptation; floods; public space; urban design; Lisbon climate change; adaptation; floods; public space; urban design; Lisbon
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Matos Silva, M.; Costa, J.P. Urban Flood Adaptation through Public Space Retrofits: The Case of Lisbon (Portugal). Sustainability 2017, 9, 816.

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