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Article

A Contribution to Sustainable Product Development Using the Example of Battery Electric Vehicles

1
Department of Electrical Engineering, Ravensburg-Weingarten University (RWU), 88250 Weingarten, Germany
2
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ravensburg-Weingarten University (RWU), 88250 Weingarten, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Current address: Doggenriedstraße, Ravensburg-Weingarten University (RWU), 88250 Weingarten, Germany.
Academic Editor: Thanikanti Sudhakar Babu
Sustainability 2022, 14(7), 3729; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14073729
Received: 16 February 2022 / Revised: 8 March 2022 / Accepted: 18 March 2022 / Published: 22 March 2022
Currently, a consensus in the scientific community can be observed that it is necessary to reduce the carbon footprint and the use of fossil resources in order to ensure the ongoing well-being of humanity and our planet. Battery electric vehicles (BEVs) can contribute to this reduction, as they can use energy from sustainable sources as well as store it in order to enable individual mobility. Still, as long as sustainable energy is not available in abundance and a share of our energy still is generated using fossil sources, it is important to consider the energy consumption of these BEVs in greater detail. BEVs may actually consume more energy than necessary due to an architecture borrowed from non-BEVs, due to their drive-train topology, due to many individual product development issues and last but not least because they are not operated at their highest efficiency. This paper addresses the evaluation of a specific sustainable product development process for BEVs. The study is based on detailed energy consumption simulations of smaller BEVs with different drive train technologies. A general consideration of sustainability and utility based on the design choices, as well as of societal consequences, leads to requirements and challenges for sustainable product development. A digital product development process is described, which addresses these challenges. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable product development; battery electric vehicle; digital design; graph-based design languages sustainable product development; battery electric vehicle; digital design; graph-based design languages
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MDPI and ACS Style

Glönkler, V.; Reick, B.; Stetter, R.; Till, M.; Pfeil, M. A Contribution to Sustainable Product Development Using the Example of Battery Electric Vehicles. Sustainability 2022, 14, 3729. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14073729

AMA Style

Glönkler V, Reick B, Stetter R, Till M, Pfeil M. A Contribution to Sustainable Product Development Using the Example of Battery Electric Vehicles. Sustainability. 2022; 14(7):3729. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14073729

Chicago/Turabian Style

Glönkler, Vivien, Benedikt Reick, Ralf Stetter, Markus Till, and Markus Pfeil. 2022. "A Contribution to Sustainable Product Development Using the Example of Battery Electric Vehicles" Sustainability 14, no. 7: 3729. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14073729

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