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Review

Recovery of Degraded Areas through Technosols and Mineral Nanoparticles: A Review

Department of Civil and Environmental, Universidad de la Costa, Calle 58 #55-66, Barranquilla 080002, Colombia
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Academic Editor: Anastasia V. Penkova
Sustainability 2022, 14(2), 993; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14020993
Received: 14 December 2021 / Revised: 5 January 2022 / Accepted: 12 January 2022 / Published: 17 January 2022
Anthropogenic sources such as urban and agricultural runoff, fossil fuel combustion, domestic and industrial wastewater effluents, and atmospheric deposition generate large volumes of nutrient-rich organic and inorganic waste. In their original state under subsurface conditions, they can be inert and thermodynamically stable, although when some of their components are exposed to surface conditions, they undergo great physicochemical and mineralogical transformations, thereby mobilizing their constituents, which often end up contaminating the environment. These residues can be used in the production of technosols as agricultural inputs and the recovery of degraded areas. Technosol is defined as artificial soil made from organic and inorganic waste, capable of performing environmental and productive functions in a similar way to natural ones. This study presents results of international research on the use of technosol to increase soil fertility levels and recover degraded areas in some countries. The conclusions of the various studies served to expand the field of applicability of this line of research on technosols in contaminated spaces. The review indicated very promising results that support the sustainability of our ecosystem, and the improvement achieved with this procedure in soils is comparable to the hybridization and selection of plants that agriculture has performed for centuries to obtain better harvests. Thus, the use of a technosol presupposes a much faster recovery without the need for any other type of intervention. View Full-Text
Keywords: technosol; artificial soil; sustainability; solid waste; degraded soil recovery; clean production technosol; artificial soil; sustainability; solid waste; degraded soil recovery; clean production
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gonçalves, J.O.; Fruto, C.M.; Barranco, M.J.; Oliveira, M.L.S.; Ramos, C.G. Recovery of Degraded Areas through Technosols and Mineral Nanoparticles: A Review. Sustainability 2022, 14, 993. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14020993

AMA Style

Gonçalves JO, Fruto CM, Barranco MJ, Oliveira MLS, Ramos CG. Recovery of Degraded Areas through Technosols and Mineral Nanoparticles: A Review. Sustainability. 2022; 14(2):993. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14020993

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gonçalves, Janaína Oliveira, Carolina Moreno Fruto, Mauricio Jaraba Barranco, Marcos Leandro Silva Oliveira, and Claudete Gindri Ramos. 2022. "Recovery of Degraded Areas through Technosols and Mineral Nanoparticles: A Review" Sustainability 14, no. 2: 993. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14020993

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