Next Article in Journal
Risk-Benefit Assessment Scheme for Renewable Solar Solutions in Traditional and Historic Buildings
Previous Article in Journal
Research on Incentive Mechanism and Strategy Choice for Passing on Intangible Cultural Heritage from Masters to Apprentices
Article

Longitudinal Effects of Dietary Advice on Wheelchair Basketball Athletes: Nutritional and Environmental Aspects

1
Research Centre for Food and Nutrition, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics (CREA-AN), 00178 Rome, Italy
2
Department of Neurosciences, Biomedicine and Movement Sciences, University of Verona, 37129 Verona, Italy
3
Department of Physiology and Pharmacology “V. Erspamer”, Sapienza University, 00185 Rome, Italy
4
Federazione Italiana Pallacanestro In Carrozzina (FIPIC), 00188 Rome, Italy
5
Joint Veteran Center, Scientific Department, Army Medical Center, 00184 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Giovanni Sogari and Irina Dolgopolova
Sustainability 2021, 13(9), 5244; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13095244
Received: 28 March 2021 / Revised: 2 May 2021 / Accepted: 4 May 2021 / Published: 7 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainability and Health as Trends in Consumer Behaviour)
Background: Diet impacts both human and environmental health and must be designed to optimize the training and performance of athletes. The aim of this study was to quantify the effect of dietary advice (DA) on the food intake of wheelchair basketball athletes (WBA) and the environmental impact longitudinally. Methods: DA were provided to WBA of the Italian national team (DAM-T1). Nutritional assessment and evaluation of the environmental impact of diet were performed two months (DAM-T2) and one year later (DAM-T3), when a post-COVID-19 survey was performed also in WBA who did not receive counselling (men: NDAM-T3, women: NDAW-T3). Results: After DA, WBA showed a reduced percentage of energy derived from sugars and fats. Athletes adjusted their protein intake according to the personalized recommendations. The intake of some micronutrients improved after DA and was higher compared to NDAM-T3 and NDAW-T3. Despite the lower impact of diet in NDAW-T3, they presented more nutritional deficiency than men. The mean intake of vegetables was in the range of the EAT-Lancet Commission suggestion only two months after DA. After DA, fiber intake increased and adapted to the tolerated level. Conclusions: WBA improved their diet after DA but did not comply with the EAT-Lancet suggestion for red meat and legumes. View Full-Text
Keywords: Paralympics; pain; body mass; nutritional adequacy; ecological footprints Paralympics; pain; body mass; nutritional adequacy; ecological footprints
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Toti, E.; Raguzzini, A.; Fedullo, A.L.; Cavedon, V.; Milanese, C.; Bernardi, M.; Mariani, B.M.; Massaro, L.; Mellara, F.; Sciarra, T.; Peluso, I. Longitudinal Effects of Dietary Advice on Wheelchair Basketball Athletes: Nutritional and Environmental Aspects. Sustainability 2021, 13, 5244. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13095244

AMA Style

Toti E, Raguzzini A, Fedullo AL, Cavedon V, Milanese C, Bernardi M, Mariani BM, Massaro L, Mellara F, Sciarra T, Peluso I. Longitudinal Effects of Dietary Advice on Wheelchair Basketball Athletes: Nutritional and Environmental Aspects. Sustainability. 2021; 13(9):5244. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13095244

Chicago/Turabian Style

Toti, Elisabetta, Anna Raguzzini, Anna L. Fedullo, Valentina Cavedon, Chiara Milanese, Marco Bernardi, Bianca M. Mariani, Luca Massaro, Francesco Mellara, Tommaso Sciarra, and Ilaria Peluso. 2021. "Longitudinal Effects of Dietary Advice on Wheelchair Basketball Athletes: Nutritional and Environmental Aspects" Sustainability 13, no. 9: 5244. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13095244

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop