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Impacts of Composition and Canopy Characteristics of Plant Communities on Microclimate and Airborne Particles in Beijing, China

by 1,2,3, 1,2,3, 1,2,3, 1,2,3 and 1,2,3,*
1
School of Landscape Architecture, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
2
Laboratory of Beijing Urban and Rural Ecological Environment, Beijing 100083, China
3
National Engineering Research Center for Floriculture, Beijing 100083, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Carmelo M. Musarella
Sustainability 2021, 13(9), 4791; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13094791
Received: 17 March 2021 / Revised: 10 April 2021 / Accepted: 14 April 2021 / Published: 24 April 2021
As the basic component of urban green-spaces, plant communities regulate both the microclimate and air particle levels. Understanding the regulatory mechanism of plant communities represents the theoretical basis for using green spaces to improve the urban climate and mitigate air particle pollution. Based on field investigations, differences in the daily air temperatures (AT), relative humidity (RH), and PM10 and PM2.5 concentrations in eight compositional types of plant communities were quantitatively analyzed. In addition, the correlations between these variables and various canopy parameters were further established in order to detect critical thresholds. The results showed that, among the eight compositional types, significant differences existed in daily AT, RH, PM10 and PM2.5 levels. The mixed tree, shrub and grass (M-TSG) community had the strongest cooling and PM10 reduction effects; the broad-leafed tree, shrub and grass (B-TSG) community had the best humidifying effect; while the mixed tree and grass (M-TG) community most effectively reduced PM2.5 concentrations. The daily AT and PM10 concentrations were significantly negatively correlated with canopy density (CD) and leaf area index (LAI), but positively correlated with canopy porosity (CP) and sky view factor (SVF), while these correlations were opposite for daily RH. The response of daily PM2.5 concentrations to canopy characteristics was complex, featuring multiple non-linear relations. Critical thresholds were found in some cases. Overall, M-TSG or M-TG communities with about 75% CD, 55% CP, 2.5 LAI and 0.18 SVF perform most noticeable both microclimate and air particle regulation services. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban green-space; community composition; canopy structure; microclimate; airborne particles urban green-space; community composition; canopy structure; microclimate; airborne particles
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fan, S.; Zhang, M.; Li, Y.; Li, K.; Dong, L. Impacts of Composition and Canopy Characteristics of Plant Communities on Microclimate and Airborne Particles in Beijing, China. Sustainability 2021, 13, 4791. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13094791

AMA Style

Fan S, Zhang M, Li Y, Li K, Dong L. Impacts of Composition and Canopy Characteristics of Plant Communities on Microclimate and Airborne Particles in Beijing, China. Sustainability. 2021; 13(9):4791. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13094791

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fan, Shuxin, Mengyuan Zhang, Yilun Li, Kun Li, and Li Dong. 2021. "Impacts of Composition and Canopy Characteristics of Plant Communities on Microclimate and Airborne Particles in Beijing, China" Sustainability 13, no. 9: 4791. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13094791

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