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Article

Effects of High Voltage Electrical Discharge Plasma on Olive Mill Wastewater Treatment

Faculty of Food Technology and Biotechnology, University of Zagreb, Pierottijeva 6, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
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Academic Editor: Đurđica Ačkar
Sustainability 2021, 13(3), 1552; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031552
Received: 7 December 2020 / Revised: 27 January 2021 / Accepted: 29 January 2021 / Published: 2 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Food Processing)
High voltage electrical discharge plasma technology (HVED) is considered as a promising technology for wastewater remediation due to its fast removal rate and environmental compatibility. Olive mill wastewater (OMWW) treatment presents crucial environmental issues because of its high organic load and intense toxicity and phytotoxicity. The effect of cold plasma at frequencies of 60 Hz and 120 Hz, with injected gas (air, oxygen and nitrogen) and with and without the addition of FeCl3x6H2O, during 30 min, on degradation and removal of organic compounds, as well as polyphenols from OMWW, were investigated. The efficiency of cold plasma was monitored by pH, temperature, electroconductivity, redox potential, oxygen saturation and reduction of chemical oxygen demand (COD) and polyphenols. The best removal efficiency of 50.98% of organic compounds was achieved at 120 Hz with nitrogen and the addition of FeCl3x6H2O, and a 60.32% reduction of polyphenols at a frequency of 60 Hz with the air and FeCl3x6H2O added was obtained. Also, the plasma treatment resulted in a decrease in coloring intensity, with the most significant color change at 120 Hz with the addition of FeCl3x6H2O with nitrogen and air. View Full-Text
Keywords: OMWW; cold plasma; polyphenols; COD OMWW; cold plasma; polyphenols; COD
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ivanov, M.; Vukušić Pavičić, T.; Kraljić, K.; Grgas, D.; Landeka Dragičević, T.; Herceg, Z. Effects of High Voltage Electrical Discharge Plasma on Olive Mill Wastewater Treatment. Sustainability 2021, 13, 1552. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031552

AMA Style

Ivanov M, Vukušić Pavičić T, Kraljić K, Grgas D, Landeka Dragičević T, Herceg Z. Effects of High Voltage Electrical Discharge Plasma on Olive Mill Wastewater Treatment. Sustainability. 2021; 13(3):1552. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031552

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ivanov, Mia, Tomislava Vukušić Pavičić, Klara Kraljić, Dijana Grgas, Tibela Landeka Dragičević, and Zoran Herceg. 2021. "Effects of High Voltage Electrical Discharge Plasma on Olive Mill Wastewater Treatment" Sustainability 13, no. 3: 1552. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031552

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