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Open AccessArticle

Can ICZM Contribute to the Mitigation of Erosion and of Human Activities Threatening the Natural and Cultural Heritage of the Coastal Landscape of Calabria?

1
National Research Council—Institute for Agricultural and Forest Systems in Mediterranean (CNR-ISAFOM), 87036 Rende, Italy
2
Department of Civil Engineering (DINCI), University of Calabria, 87036 Rende, Italy
3
Independent Researcher, 87100 Cosenza, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vincenzo Torretta
Sustainability 2021, 13(3), 1122; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031122
Received: 22 December 2020 / Revised: 17 January 2021 / Accepted: 18 January 2021 / Published: 21 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers in Sustainable Use of the Environment and Resources)
Calabria is a region of southern Italy characterized by several natural and heritage sites located on seaboard areas, within a distance of 300 m from the coast. In fact, 58 Natura 2000 sites and 63 cultural heritage sites (42.9% of which overlap with the Natura 2000 ones) fall within the borders of the region. Within this context, this study has analyzed the connection between natural and cultural goods in the region, considering both seaboard and human impact risk conditions. The results evidenced that 50% and 21% of the natural and cultural heritage sites, respectively, are exposed to the risk of increasing coastal erosion and heavy human impact. Moreover, in order to highlight how cultural heritage sites could be integrated into natural ones within a process of global coastal area management, three case studies have been discussed. In fact, a new kind of approach to coastal regions through an Integrated Coastal Zone Management is necessary in order to valorize the natural and cultural heritage of coastal regions for the social and economic growth of local people. View Full-Text
Keywords: coastal landscape; integrated coastal zone management; cultural heritage; Calabria; coastal erosion; Natura 2000 coastal landscape; integrated coastal zone management; cultural heritage; Calabria; coastal erosion; Natura 2000
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cantasano, N.; Caloiero, T.; Pellicone, G.; Aristodemo, F.; De Marco, A.; Tagarelli, G. Can ICZM Contribute to the Mitigation of Erosion and of Human Activities Threatening the Natural and Cultural Heritage of the Coastal Landscape of Calabria? Sustainability 2021, 13, 1122. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031122

AMA Style

Cantasano N, Caloiero T, Pellicone G, Aristodemo F, De Marco A, Tagarelli G. Can ICZM Contribute to the Mitigation of Erosion and of Human Activities Threatening the Natural and Cultural Heritage of the Coastal Landscape of Calabria? Sustainability. 2021; 13(3):1122. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031122

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cantasano, Nicola; Caloiero, Tommaso; Pellicone, Gaetano; Aristodemo, Francesco; De Marco, Alessandra; Tagarelli, Giuseppe. 2021. "Can ICZM Contribute to the Mitigation of Erosion and of Human Activities Threatening the Natural and Cultural Heritage of the Coastal Landscape of Calabria?" Sustainability 13, no. 3: 1122. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031122

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