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Wayfinding in People with Alzheimer’s Disease: Perspective Taking and Architectural Cognition—A Vision Paper on Future Dementia Care Research Opportunities

by 1,2,*, 1,2,3 and 1,2
1
German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (DZNE) Witten site, 58453 Witten, Germany
2
Department of Nursing Science, Faculty of Health, University of Witten/Herdecke, 58453 Witten, Germany
3
Clinic for Cognitive Neurology, Medical Faculty, University of Leipzig, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2021, 13(3), 1084; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031084
Received: 10 December 2020 / Revised: 17 January 2021 / Accepted: 18 January 2021 / Published: 21 January 2021
Based on a targeted literature review, this vision paper emphasizes the importance of dementia-sensitive built space. The article specifically focuses on supporting spatial orientation and wayfinding for people living with dementia. First, we discuss types of wayfinding challenges, underlying processes, and consequences of spatial disorientation in the context of dementia of the Alzheimer’s type. Second, we focus on current efforts aimed at planning and evaluating dementia-sensitive built space, i.e., environmental design principles, interventions, evaluation tools, strategies, and planning processes. Third, we use our findings as a starting point for developing an interdisciplinary research vision aimed at encouraging further debates and research about: (1) the perspective of a person with dementia, specifically in the context of wayfinding and spatial orientation, and (2) how this perspective supplements planning and design processes of dementia-sensitive built space. We conclude that more closely considering the perspective of people with dementia supports the development of demographically sustainable future cities and care institutions. View Full-Text
Keywords: dementia; Alzheimer’s disease; wayfinding; spatial orientation; support; built space; environmental psychology; architectural cognition; perspective taking; demographic sustainability dementia; Alzheimer’s disease; wayfinding; spatial orientation; support; built space; environmental psychology; architectural cognition; perspective taking; demographic sustainability
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kuliga, S.; Berwig, M.; Roes, M. Wayfinding in People with Alzheimer’s Disease: Perspective Taking and Architectural Cognition—A Vision Paper on Future Dementia Care Research Opportunities. Sustainability 2021, 13, 1084. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031084

AMA Style

Kuliga S, Berwig M, Roes M. Wayfinding in People with Alzheimer’s Disease: Perspective Taking and Architectural Cognition—A Vision Paper on Future Dementia Care Research Opportunities. Sustainability. 2021; 13(3):1084. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031084

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kuliga, Saskia; Berwig, Martin; Roes, Martina. 2021. "Wayfinding in People with Alzheimer’s Disease: Perspective Taking and Architectural Cognition—A Vision Paper on Future Dementia Care Research Opportunities" Sustainability 13, no. 3: 1084. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031084

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