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Article

Do National Values of Culture and Sustainability Influence Direct Employee PDM Levels and Scope? The Search for a European Answer

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Departamento de Métodos Cuantitativos, Universidad Loyola Andalucía, 41704 Seville, Spain
2
Departamento de Economía y Administración de Empresas, Facultad de Ciencias Económicasy, Empresariales Universidad de Málaga, 29071 Malaga, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Francisco J. Gracia
Sustainability 2021, 13(14), 8016; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13148016
Received: 29 May 2021 / Revised: 30 June 2021 / Accepted: 14 July 2021 / Published: 18 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainability and Human Resources Management)
The dynamic development of the global economy has led to the creation of agile and innovative organizations that need to adapt rapidly to new challenges. For that reason, organizations need to make decisions that help them face uncertain situations and be successful. Research has demonstrated that employee participative decision making (PDM) promotes more innovative, flexible, and sustainable organizations. The present paper examines organizational, cultural, and sustainable factors to discover how these variables affect PDM in the European context. For this purpose, this study focuses on two main objectives: (1) analyzing the impact of a country’s cultural and institutional values (macro level), beyond individual and organizational characteristics (micro and meso levels), on the adoption of PDM in the European context and (2) differentiating among the types of decisions for which employee participation is considered (operational or organizational). To attain these goals, three hierarchical fitted regression models were fitted using data based on the Sixth European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) and complemented with information from Hofstede’s dimensions, whose scores are obtained from 2010 Hofstede database, and institutional values from the 2015 World Competitive Yearbook (WCY). Results demonstrate that some cultural values are significant for PDM and that sustainability is related to employee participation at the general and operational levels. This allows the conclusion that organizations located in countries with greater sustainability awareness are also those that promote employee participation the most. View Full-Text
Keywords: direct employee participation; PDM; sustainability; culture values; operational decisions; organizational decisions; Europe direct employee participation; PDM; sustainability; culture values; operational decisions; organizational decisions; Europe
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MDPI and ACS Style

Valverde-Moreno, M.; Torres-Jiménez, M.; Lucia-Casademunt, A.M.; Pacheco-Martínez, A.M. Do National Values of Culture and Sustainability Influence Direct Employee PDM Levels and Scope? The Search for a European Answer. Sustainability 2021, 13, 8016. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13148016

AMA Style

Valverde-Moreno M, Torres-Jiménez M, Lucia-Casademunt AM, Pacheco-Martínez AM. Do National Values of Culture and Sustainability Influence Direct Employee PDM Levels and Scope? The Search for a European Answer. Sustainability. 2021; 13(14):8016. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13148016

Chicago/Turabian Style

Valverde-Moreno, Marta, Mercedes Torres-Jiménez, Ana M. Lucia-Casademunt, and Ana M. Pacheco-Martínez 2021. "Do National Values of Culture and Sustainability Influence Direct Employee PDM Levels and Scope? The Search for a European Answer" Sustainability 13, no. 14: 8016. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13148016

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