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Article

The Wadden Sea as a National Park and UNESCO World Heritage Site: Students’ Word Associations with These Two Conservation Designations

Faculty of Biology, Didactics of Biology (Botany/Cell Biology), University of Bielefeld, 33615 Bielefeld, Germany
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Academic Editor: Eila Jeronen
Sustainability 2021, 13(14), 8006; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13148006
Received: 10 June 2021 / Revised: 12 July 2021 / Accepted: 15 July 2021 / Published: 17 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Collection Science Education Promoting Sustainability)
The Wadden Sea ecosystem is unique in many respects from a biological perspective. This is one reason why it is protected by national parks in Germany and by its designation as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. In biology didactics, there are only a few studies that focus on the Wadden Sea. This work investigates students’ word associations with the two stimulus words “national park” and “UNESCO World Heritage Site”. The survey was conducted among students living directly at the Wadden Sea and among students from the inland. The analysis of the identified associations (n = 8345) was carried out within the framework of a quantitative content analysis to be able to present and discuss the results on a group level. A statistically significant difference was found between the two groups. Overall, results showed that the students made subject-related associations as well as a large number of associations to both stimulus words that could be judged as non-subject-related. In some cases, a connection with the region of residence could be found, but this was not generally the case. Even students’ immediate residential proximity to the Wadden Sea is no guarantee that they have knowledge of the two considered protection terms. View Full-Text
Keywords: biology education; didactics of biology; education for sustainable development; environmental education; word associations; quantitative content analysis; Wadden Sea; national park; UNESCO World Heritage Site biology education; didactics of biology; education for sustainable development; environmental education; word associations; quantitative content analysis; Wadden Sea; national park; UNESCO World Heritage Site
MDPI and ACS Style

Schmäing, T.; Grotjohann, N. The Wadden Sea as a National Park and UNESCO World Heritage Site: Students’ Word Associations with These Two Conservation Designations. Sustainability 2021, 13, 8006. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13148006

AMA Style

Schmäing T, Grotjohann N. The Wadden Sea as a National Park and UNESCO World Heritage Site: Students’ Word Associations with These Two Conservation Designations. Sustainability. 2021; 13(14):8006. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13148006

Chicago/Turabian Style

Schmäing, Till, and Norbert Grotjohann. 2021. "The Wadden Sea as a National Park and UNESCO World Heritage Site: Students’ Word Associations with These Two Conservation Designations" Sustainability 13, no. 14: 8006. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13148006

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