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Review

Robustness of Air Transportation as Complex Networks:Systematic Review of 15 Years of Research and Outlook into the Future

School of Electronic and Information Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Jin-Woo Park and Armando Cartenì
Sustainability 2021, 13(11), 6446; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13116446
Received: 19 March 2021 / Revised: 8 May 2021 / Accepted: 2 June 2021 / Published: 6 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Aviation Management and Air Transport Industry)
Air transportation systems are an important part of the critical infrastructure in our connected world. Accordingly, a better understanding and improvements in the resilience of the overall air transportation system are essential to the well-functioning of our society and overall sustainability of human beings. In the literature, network science is increasingly used to better understand the resilience dynamics of air transportation. Given the wide application of tools for network science and the importance of designing resilient air transportation systems, a rich body of studies has emerged in recent years. This review paper synthesizes the related literature that has been published throughout the last 15 years regarding the robustness of air transportation systems. The contributions of this work consist of two major elements. The first part provides a comprehensive discussion and cross-comparison of the reported results. We cover several major topics, including node importance identification, failure versus attack profiles, recovery and improvement techniques, and networks of networks approaches. The second part of this paper complements the review of aggregated findings by elaborating on a future agenda for robust air transportation research. Our survey-style overview hopefully contributes toward a better understanding of the state of the art in this research area, and, in turn, to the improvement of future air transportation resilience and sustainability. View Full-Text
Keywords: air transportation; airport network; robustness; resilience; review air transportation; airport network; robustness; resilience; review
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sun, X.; Wandelt, S. Robustness of Air Transportation as Complex Networks:Systematic Review of 15 Years of Research and Outlook into the Future. Sustainability 2021, 13, 6446. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13116446

AMA Style

Sun X, Wandelt S. Robustness of Air Transportation as Complex Networks:Systematic Review of 15 Years of Research and Outlook into the Future. Sustainability. 2021; 13(11):6446. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13116446

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sun, Xiaoqian, and Sebastian Wandelt. 2021. "Robustness of Air Transportation as Complex Networks:Systematic Review of 15 Years of Research and Outlook into the Future" Sustainability 13, no. 11: 6446. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13116446

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