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Open AccessArticle

Does Education Background Affect Digital Equal Opportunity and the Political Participation of Sustainable Digital Citizens? A Taiwan Case

1
Department of Education, National Chiayi University, Jiayi 60004, Taiwan
2
Department of Public Affairs and Civic Education, National Changhua University of Education, Zhanghua 500914, Taiwan
3
Department of Sociology, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
4
Department of Educational Administration and Policy, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(4), 1359; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12041359
Received: 29 December 2019 / Revised: 3 February 2020 / Accepted: 10 February 2020 / Published: 13 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Educational Policy for Sustainable Development)
The purpose of this article is to examine the level of digital equity and political participation in Taiwan. In this study, we argue that high digital literacy and active civic participation facilitate the formation of sustainable digital citizenship. We review the development of digital education policy in Taiwan since the 1990s. Based on the nationwide survey dataset prepared by Taiwan’s National Development Council in 2018, we examine the relations between digital literacy, digital social life, the digitalized acquisition of government information, and the political participation of digital citizens. We adopt a structural equation modeling approach and perform the multi-group analysis to validate our proposed model of digital equal opportunity. The results show that there are significantly positive relations between the four digital latent variables, but no statistically significant differences between interviewees with high and low education backgrounds in the relations with these variables. In addition, our findings reveal that the digital social life of digital citizens indirectly affects their political participation through their digitalized acquisition of government information. This paper also discusses the implications of digital education policy and the formation of sustainable digital citizenship. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable digital citizenship; digital literacy; digital equal opportunity; political participation; multi-group analysis sustainable digital citizenship; digital literacy; digital equal opportunity; political participation; multi-group analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chen, C.-H.; Liu, C.-L.; Hui, B.P.H.; Chung, M.-L. Does Education Background Affect Digital Equal Opportunity and the Political Participation of Sustainable Digital Citizens? A Taiwan Case. Sustainability 2020, 12, 1359. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12041359

AMA Style

Chen C-H, Liu C-L, Hui BPH, Chung M-L. Does Education Background Affect Digital Equal Opportunity and the Political Participation of Sustainable Digital Citizens? A Taiwan Case. Sustainability. 2020; 12(4):1359. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12041359

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chen, Chia-Hui; Liu, Chao-Lung; Hui, Bryant P.H.; Chung, Ming-Lun. 2020. "Does Education Background Affect Digital Equal Opportunity and the Political Participation of Sustainable Digital Citizens? A Taiwan Case" Sustainability 12, no. 4: 1359. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12041359

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