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Open AccessArticle

Locating Battery Swapping Stations for a Smart e-Bus System

1
School of Industrial Management Engineering, Korea University, Seoul 02841, Korea
2
Logistics System Research Team, Korea Railroad Research Institute, Uiwang 16105, Korea
3
Graduate School of Logistics, Incheon National University, Incheon 22012, Korea
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(3), 1142; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12031142
Received: 15 December 2019 / Revised: 28 January 2020 / Accepted: 30 January 2020 / Published: 5 February 2020
With the growing interest and popularity of electric vehicles (EVs), the electrification of buses has been progressing recently. To achieve the seamless operation of electric buses (e-Buses) for public transportation, some bus stations should play the role of battery swapping station due to the limited travel range of e-Buses. In this study, we consider the problem of locating battery swapping stations for e-Buses on a passenger bus traffic network. For this purpose, we propose three integer programming models (set-covering-based model, flow-based model and path-based model) to model the problem of minimizing the number of stations needed. The models are applied and tested on the current bus routes in the Seoul metropolitan area of South Korea. View Full-Text
Keywords: electric vehicle; electric bus; battery swapping; infrastructure optimization; sustainability electric vehicle; electric bus; battery swapping; infrastructure optimization; sustainability
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Moon, J.; Kim, Y.J.; Cheong, T.; Song, S.H. Locating Battery Swapping Stations for a Smart e-Bus System. Sustainability 2020, 12, 1142.

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