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Open AccessArticle

CO2 Emissions from Fuel Consumption in the Logistic Stages of the Brazilian Bioethanol Supply Chain

Logistics Systems Engineering-Escola Politécnica, University of São Paulo, Ave. Almeida Prado, Travessa 2, São Paulo 05508-900, Brazil
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Sustainability 2020, 12(23), 9979; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12239979
Received: 19 October 2020 / Revised: 13 November 2020 / Accepted: 25 November 2020 / Published: 29 November 2020
The study reports the CO2 emissions from diesel combustion in the following stages of the Brazilian ethanol supply chain: (a) agricultural operations (management), (b) sugarcane transportation to the mill, and (c) biofuel transportation to the destination. To assess the sensitivity of the results to different origins, five regions representative of ethanol production were selected, and the final destination was the port of Santos. The transportation stage from the mill to the port included the possible effects of using multimodal alternatives, such as road–rail and road–pipeline. The results indicate that diesel consumption varies greatly by region of origin, and agricultural management, such as tilling, planting, and harvesting operations, accounts for about 70% of total diesel emissions to the ethanol supply chain. Rail and pipeline transportation are ultimately important for mitigating emissions from fuel consumption in logistics corridors for exporting ethanol. It is a valuable contribution to supporting private actions and public policies related to the mitigation of emissions in the logistic stages of bioethanol, especially related to the optimization of the agricultural management process and improvement of the multimodal transport infrastructure, respectively. It is also a lesson to countries intending to produce ethanol from sugarcane. View Full-Text
Keywords: fuel consumption; CO2 emissions; bioethanol supply chain; environmental sustainability fuel consumption; CO2 emissions; bioethanol supply chain; environmental sustainability
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bartholomeu, D.B.; Lopes, C.J.R.; Yoshizaki, H.T.Y. CO2 Emissions from Fuel Consumption in the Logistic Stages of the Brazilian Bioethanol Supply Chain. Sustainability 2020, 12, 9979. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12239979

AMA Style

Bartholomeu DB, Lopes CJR, Yoshizaki HTY. CO2 Emissions from Fuel Consumption in the Logistic Stages of the Brazilian Bioethanol Supply Chain. Sustainability. 2020; 12(23):9979. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12239979

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bartholomeu, Daniela B.; Lopes, Celso J.R.; Yoshizaki, Hugo T.Y. 2020. "CO2 Emissions from Fuel Consumption in the Logistic Stages of the Brazilian Bioethanol Supply Chain" Sustainability 12, no. 23: 9979. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12239979

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