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Open AccessArticle

Shuttling between Land and Sea: Contemporary Practices among Amis Spearfishing Men as a Foundation for Local Marine-Area Management

Department of Public and Cultural Affairs, National Taitung University, Taitung City 95092, Taiwan
Sustainability 2020, 12(18), 7770; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12187770
Received: 14 August 2020 / Revised: 16 September 2020 / Accepted: 17 September 2020 / Published: 20 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Change, Indigenous Resilience and Local Knowledge Systems)
This paper explores how the Amis people on the east coast of Taiwan who practice freediving spearfishing manage the local marine area. Among the coastal Amis people, freediving spearfishing is not only a way of life but is also closely related to ritual ceremonies. Amis spearfishing men are knowledgeable of the near-shore sea and coast, and the practice of spearfishing collectively cultivates their ability to deal with both public affairs and human relations in the community. However, the Taiwanese government regards spearfishing guns as weapons and restricts them. Furthermore, the assumption that spearfishing destroys the coral ecosystem and fishery resources means that the practice is often demonized or increasingly restrained. In this paper, I argue that local marine Traditional Ecological Knowledge (TEK) among Amis spearfishing men can be the foundation for local marine conservation under the concept of community-based natural-resource management (CBNRM), involving both the local Amis community and the government, in spite of both parties still having their own issues to overcome. View Full-Text
Keywords: A’tolan; Amis people; freediving spearfishing; CBNRM; TEK; Taiwan A’tolan; Amis people; freediving spearfishing; CBNRM; TEK; Taiwan
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Tsai, F.C.L. Shuttling between Land and Sea: Contemporary Practices among Amis Spearfishing Men as a Foundation for Local Marine-Area Management. Sustainability 2020, 12, 7770.

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