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Open AccessArticle

Cyberbullying in Adolescents from Ecuador and Spain: Prevalence and Differences in Gender, School Year and Ethnic-Cultural Background

1
Department of Psychology, Universidad de Córdoba, 14071 Córdoba, Spain
2
Management, Development and Executive Secretariat Faculty, University Laica Eloy Alfaroof Manabí, Manta 130214, Ecuador
3
Education Faculty, International University of La Rioja, 26006 Logroño, La Rioja, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(11), 4597; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114597
Received: 9 May 2020 / Revised: 1 June 2020 / Accepted: 2 June 2020 / Published: 4 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Youth School Violence and the Impact of Social Environment)
The aim of this study is to discover the prevalence of cyberbullying among adolescents from Ecuador and Spain, and identify any differences by gender, school year, and ethnic-cultural background. A culturally-diverse group of 33,303 adolescents took part in the study (Ecuador = 10,918; Spain = 22,385). Our results show that in Ecuador, one in four, and in Spain, one in five teenagers were involved in cyberbullying. In both countries, teenagers in the higher school years were more commonly involved. Significant differences in gender and role of involvement were detected in both countries. In Ecuador, no differences were noted between the different ethnic-cultural groups as regards to the roles of involvement in cyberbullying. However, in Spain, these differences do exist. In this paper, these findings are discussed, and proposals for how to prevent cyberbullying are given. View Full-Text
Keywords: cyberbullying; cyberaggression; cybervictimization; secondary school; cross-cultural study; teenagers; cultural diversity cyberbullying; cyberaggression; cybervictimization; secondary school; cross-cultural study; teenagers; cultural diversity
MDPI and ACS Style

Calmaestra, J.; Rodríguez-Hidalgo, A.J.; Mero-Delgado, O.; Solera, E. Cyberbullying in Adolescents from Ecuador and Spain: Prevalence and Differences in Gender, School Year and Ethnic-Cultural Background. Sustainability 2020, 12, 4597.

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