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Open AccessArticle

The Influence of a Company’s Ownership Structure on Upward Real Earnings Management

by 1,* and 2
1
Department of Accounting, University of Economics in Katowice, ul. 1 Maja 50, 40-287 Katowice, Poland
2
Department of Economic and Financial Analysis, University of Economics in Katowice, ul. 1 Maja 50, 40-287 Katowice, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(1), 152; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12010152
Received: 23 October 2019 / Revised: 9 December 2019 / Accepted: 18 December 2019 / Published: 23 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Innovation and the Development of Enterprises)
Financial transparency, including transparency of transactions, is one of the pillars of sustainability. This study investigates whether a company’s ownership structure, including ownership concentration, managerial ownership, and the presence of institutional investors, affects upward real earnings management practices. The research is based on companies listed on the Warsaw Stock Exchange in Poland adapting panel data regression models. The significance and contribution to literature of the paper lies in the fact that we provide evidence that the association between the magnitude of total upward real earnings management and shareholder concentration is U-shaped, thereby indicating that there is an optimal level of ownership concentration, minimizing the magnitude of upward real earnings management and thus increasing financial transparency. Our results show the negative relationship between total upward real earnings management and managerial ownership, thereby we confirm the alignment of interest hypothesis, in terms of real earnings management. We also confirm that individual instruments of real earnings management are linked to ownership concentration and managerial ownership in specific ways. The presence of institutional investors reduces the magnitude of total upward real earnings management. View Full-Text
Keywords: real earnings management; a company’s ownership structure; ownership concentration; managerial ownership; financial transparency; development; institutional investors; selling; general and administrative expenses; R&D expenses real earnings management; a company’s ownership structure; ownership concentration; managerial ownership; financial transparency; development; institutional investors; selling; general and administrative expenses; R&D expenses
MDPI and ACS Style

Piosik, A.; Genge, E. The Influence of a Company’s Ownership Structure on Upward Real Earnings Management. Sustainability 2020, 12, 152. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12010152

AMA Style

Piosik A, Genge E. The Influence of a Company’s Ownership Structure on Upward Real Earnings Management. Sustainability. 2020; 12(1):152. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12010152

Chicago/Turabian Style

Piosik, Andrzej; Genge, Ewa. 2020. "The Influence of a Company’s Ownership Structure on Upward Real Earnings Management" Sustainability 12, no. 1: 152. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12010152

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