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Factors Associated with Household Food Security in Zambia

1
Department of Sustainable Technology, Faculty of Tropical AgriSciences, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Kamýcká 129, 165 00 Prague 6-Suchdol, Czech Republic
2
Department of Economics and Development, Faculty of Tropical AgriSciences, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Kamýcká 129, 165 00 Prague 6-Suchdol, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(9), 2715; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11092715
Received: 9 April 2019 / Revised: 26 April 2019 / Accepted: 7 May 2019 / Published: 13 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Agriculture, Food and Wildlife)
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Abstract

Food security is a global challenge and threatens mainly smallholder farmers in developing countries. The main aim of this paper is to determine factors that are associated with food security in Zambia. This study utilizes the household questionnaire survey dataset of 400 smallholder farmers in four districts conducted in southern Zambia in 2016. To measure food security, the study employs two food security indicators, namely the food consumption score (FCS) and the household hunger scale (HHS). Two ordered probit models are estimated with the dependent variables FCS and HHS. Both the FCS and HHS models’ findings reveal that higher education levels of household head, increasing livestock income, secure land tenure, increasing land size, and group membership increase the probability of household food and nutrition security. The results imply that policies supporting livestock development programs such as training of farmers in animal husbandry, as well as policies increasing land tenure security and empowerment of farmers groups, have the potential to enhance household food and nutrition security. View Full-Text
Keywords: determinants; food security; hunger; policies; smallholder determinants; food security; hunger; policies; smallholder
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Nkomoki, W.; Bavorová, M.; Banout, J. Factors Associated with Household Food Security in Zambia. Sustainability 2019, 11, 2715.

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