Next Article in Journal
Fossil Carbon Fraction and Measuring Cycle for Sewage Sludge Waste Incineration
Next Article in Special Issue
Introduction to the Special Issue “Electromagnetic Waves Pollution”
Previous Article in Journal
Aspects Regarding the Pharmaceutical Waste Management in Romania
Previous Article in Special Issue
Comparative Analysis of Biological Effects Induced on Different Cell Types by Magnetic Fields with Magnetic Flux Densities in the Range of 1–60 mT and Frequencies up to 50 Hz
Open AccessArticle

In Vivo Cytotoxicity Induced by 60 Hz Electromagnetic Fields under a High-Voltage Substation Environment

1
Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Av. Universidad S/N, Ciudad Universitaria, San Nicolás de los Garza 66455, Nuevo León, Mexico
2
Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Av. Francisco I. Madero pte. S/N, Col. Mitras Centro, Monterrey 66460, Nuevo León, Mexico
3
Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Research, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1 Tzar Osvoboditel Blvd., 1000 Sofia, Bulgaria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(8), 2789; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10082789
Received: 21 June 2018 / Revised: 26 July 2018 / Accepted: 30 July 2018 / Published: 7 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electromagnetic Waves Pollution)
Living beings permanently receive electromagnetic radiation, particularly from extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields (ELF-EMFs), which may cause adverse health effects. In this work, we studied the in vivo cytotoxic effects of exposing BALB/c mice to 60 Hz and 8.8 µT EMFs during 72 h and 240 h in a switchyard area, using animals exposed to 60 Hz and 2.0 mT EMFs or treated with 5 mg/kg mitomycin C (MMC) as positive controls. Micronucleus (MN) frequency and male germ cell analyses were used as cytological endpoints. ELF-EMF exposure was observed to significantly (p < 0.05) increase MN frequency at all conditions tested, with the 2 mT/72 h treatment causing the highest response, as compared with untreated control. In addition, increased sperm counts were observed after switchyard area ELF-EMF exposure, as compared with untreated control. In contrast, low sperm counts were obtained for 72 h/2.0 mT-exposed animals and for MMC-treated mice (p < 0.05), without altering male germ cell morphological characteristics. View Full-Text
Keywords: electromagnetic fields; cytotoxicity; micronuclei; sperm abnormalities electromagnetic fields; cytotoxicity; micronuclei; sperm abnormalities
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Heredia-Rojas, J.A.; Rodríguez-De la Fuente, A.O.; Gomez-Flores, R.; Heredia-Rodríguez, O.; Rodríguez-Flores, L.E.; Beltcheva, M.; Castañeda-Garza, M.E. In Vivo Cytotoxicity Induced by 60 Hz Electromagnetic Fields under a High-Voltage Substation Environment. Sustainability 2018, 10, 2789.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop