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Sustainability 2018, 10(6), 1896;

Evaluating Consistency in Environmental Policy Mixes through Policy, Stakeholder, and Contextual Interactions

Science Policy Research Unit (SPRU), Brighton BN1 9SL, UK
Department of Industrial Management and Technology, University of Piraeus, 18534 Piraeus, Greece
JIN Climate and Sustainability, 9711 BB Groningen, The Netherlands
Joanneum Research, 8010 Graz, Austria
Climate Policy Group, ETH Zürich, 8092 Zürich, Switzerland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 April 2018 / Revised: 22 May 2018 / Accepted: 28 May 2018 / Published: 6 June 2018
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This paper introduces a method to analyse and explore consistency within policy mixes in order to support the policymaking cycle and applies it to energy and climate change policies in the United Kingdom (UK) biofuels policy context. The first part of the paper introduces a multi-level method to evaluate consistency within policy mixes implemented over a period of time. The first level explores consistency across policy design features in policy mixes. The second level evaluates how stakeholders, and their interactions with policy instruments and each other, can impact consistency within a given context. These interactions influence the implementation of policies and can lead to unintended outcomes that fail to meet the overarching goals. In the second part of the paper, we apply our method to the UK biofuels policy mix, to explore a sector that cuts across the policy areas of transportation, energy, land-use, air, and climate change. Our analysis demonstrates how, by overlooking complex interactions in the design and implementation of policies in the biofuels sector, policy mixes have conflicted with the development of a potential low-carbon technology. View Full-Text
Keywords: policy mix; policy consistency; stakeholder interactions; biofuels; policy evaluation policy mix; policy consistency; stakeholder interactions; biofuels; policy evaluation

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Lieu, J.; Spyridaki, N.A.; Alvarez-Tinoco, R.; van der Gaast, W.; Tuerk, A.; van Vliet, O. Evaluating Consistency in Environmental Policy Mixes through Policy, Stakeholder, and Contextual Interactions. Sustainability 2018, 10, 1896.

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