Next Article in Journal
Converting UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to Decision-Making Objectives and Implementation Options at the River Basin Scale
Next Article in Special Issue
Eating Our Way to Sustainability? Leisure, Food and Community Economic Development
Previous Article in Journal
Investigating Low-Carbon City: Empirical Study of Shanghai
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Impact of the 2010 Women’s Rugby World Cup on Sustained Volunteering in the Rugby Community
Article Menu
Issue 4 (April) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Korean Golf Tourism in China: Place, Perception and Narratives

Department of Tourism Management, Shenzhen Tourism College of Jinan University, Shenzhen 518053, China
National Kaohsiung University of Hospitality and Tourism Management, Kaohsiung 82444, Taiwan
International Centre for Recreation and Tourism Research, College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
Department of Applied Social Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 999077, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(4), 1055;
Received: 12 March 2018 / Revised: 29 March 2018 / Accepted: 30 March 2018 / Published: 3 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Leisure, Tourism, Sport and Community Development)
PDF [2181 KB, uploaded 3 May 2018]


Tourism is a critical, cross-cultural social behavior in contemporary society and provides diverse experiences based on different regional resources in destinations. This research identified the attributes associated with Korean golf tourists’ images of seven destination regions in Mainland China. A content analysis of 328 golf tourists’ blogs indicated that each region had different combinations of destination attributes, but these were partially hidden in vivid descriptions of playing experiences. The narratives were coded with 15 golf destination attributes with 136 headwords and they reflected both place-centred images and interactions through perceptual experiences with different social groups. The golfers greatly appreciated congestion control at courses and social interaction during their tours, including the services of local human resources and play partners. The seven Chinese golf destinations had different perceived characteristics and relationships with South Korean society. Thus, they had dissimilar destination images for Korean golf tourists. Historical ties and geographical proximity played important roles, including, for example, the significant presence of ethnic Koreans in northeast China. View Full-Text
Keywords: golf tourism; destination image; content analysis; South Korea; China; blogs golf tourism; destination image; content analysis; South Korea; China; blogs

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Park, J.; Morrison, A.M.; Wu, B.; Kong, Y. Korean Golf Tourism in China: Place, Perception and Narratives. Sustainability 2018, 10, 1055.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top