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Open AccessArticle

Economic and Emission Dispatch Using Ensemble Multi-Objective Differential Evolution Algorithm

by 1,2,*, 2, 2 and 1,2
1
Collaborative Innovation Center on Forecast and Evaluation of Meteorological Disasters, Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing 210044, China
2
School of Management and Engineering, Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing 210044, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2018, 10(2), 418; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10020418
Received: 16 January 2018 / Revised: 26 January 2018 / Accepted: 1 February 2018 / Published: 6 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Transition from China-Made to China-Innovation )
In the past two decades, China’s manufacturing industry has achieved great success. However, pollution and environmental impacts have become more serious while this industry has grown. The economic and emission dispatch (EED) problem is a typical multi-objective optimization problem with conflicting fuel costs and pollution emission objectives. An ensemble multi-objective differential evolution (EMODE) is proposed to tackle the EED problem. First, the equality constraints of the problem have been transformed into inequality constraints. Next, two mutation strategies DE/rand/1 and DE/current-to-rand/1 have been implemented to improve the conventional DE. The performance of the proposed algorithm is evaluated on six test functions and the numerical results have indicated that the proposed algorithm is effective. The proposed algorithm EMODE is used to solve a series of six generators and eleven generators in the EED problem. The experimental results obtained are compared with those reported using single optimization algorithms and multi-objective evolutionary algorithms (MOEAs). The results have revealed that the proposed algorithm EMODE either matches or outperforms those algorithms. The proposed algorithm is an effective candidate to optimize the manufacturing industry of China. View Full-Text
Keywords: economic and emission dispatch; differential evolution; mutation strategy; multi-objective; manufacturing industry economic and emission dispatch; differential evolution; mutation strategy; multi-objective; manufacturing industry
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Yu, X.; Yu, X.; Lu, Y.; Sheng, J. Economic and Emission Dispatch Using Ensemble Multi-Objective Differential Evolution Algorithm. Sustainability 2018, 10, 418.

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