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Article

Modelling the Material Resistance of Wood—Part 3: Relative Resistance in above- and in-Ground Situations—Results of a Global Survey

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Wood Biology and Wood Products, University of Goettingen, 37077 Goettingen, Germany
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Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research (NIBIO), Division of Forests and Forest Resources, Wood Technology, 1431 Ås, Norway
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Department of Wood Science and Technology, Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
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CATAS, 33048 San Giovanni al Natisone, Italy
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LJ Cookson Consulting, Warrandyte, VIC 3113, Australia
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Norwegian Institute of Wood Technology (NTI), 0314 Oslo, Norway
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VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, 02044 Espoo, Finland
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Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Forestry Science, Ecosciences Precinct, Brisbane, QLD 4102, Australia
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Latvian State Institute of Wood Chemistry, 1006 Riga, Latvia
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Institut für Holztechnologie Dresden (IHD), 01217 Dresden, Germany
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Danish Technological Institute (DTI), 2630 Taastrup, Denmark
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Thuenen Institute of Wood Research, 21031 Hamburg, Germany
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Heinz-Piest-Institute of Craftsmen Techniques, 30167 Hannover, Germany
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National Centre for Timber Durability and Design Life (USC), University of the Sunshine Coast, Brisbane, QLD 4102, Australia
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CNR IBE, Italian National Research Council, Institute of Bioeconomy, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Italy
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Department of Wood Science and Engineering, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
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Faculty of Wood Sciences and Technology, Technical University in Zvolen, 960 01 Zvolen, Slovakia
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SCION, Rotorua 3010, New Zealand
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FP Innovations, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada
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Natural Resources Institute Finland (LUKE), 57200 Savonlinna, Finland
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Research Institute of Sweden (RISE), 50462 Borås, Sweden
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Faculty of Resource Science & Technology, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS), Kota Samarahan 94300, Sarawak, Malaysia
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Building Research Establishment, Garston, Watford WD25 9XX, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Angela Lo Monaco
Forests 2021, 12(5), 590; https://doi.org/10.3390/f12050590
Received: 29 March 2021 / Accepted: 27 April 2021 / Published: 8 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Modeling the Performance of Wood and Wood Products)
Durability-based designs with timber require reliable information about the wood properties and how they affect its performance under variable exposure conditions. This study aimed at utilizing a material resistance model (Part 2 of this publication) based on a dose–response approach for predicting the relative decay rates in above-ground situations. Laboratory and field test data were, for the first time, surveyed globally and used to determine material-specific resistance dose values, which were correlated to decay rates. In addition, laboratory indicators were used to adapt the material resistance model to in-ground exposure. The relationship between decay rates in- and above-ground, the predictive power of laboratory indicators to predict such decay rates, and a method for implementing both in a service life prediction tool, were established based on 195 hardwoods, 29 softwoods, 19 modified timbers, and 41 preservative-treated timbers. View Full-Text
Keywords: biological durability; dose–response model; fungal decay; moisture dynamics; moisture performance; service life prediction; water uptake and release; wetting ability biological durability; dose–response model; fungal decay; moisture dynamics; moisture performance; service life prediction; water uptake and release; wetting ability
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MDPI and ACS Style

Brischke, C.; Alfredsen, G.; Humar, M.; Conti, E.; Cookson, L.; Emmerich, L.; Flæte, P.O.; Fortino, S.; Francis, L.; Hundhausen, U.; Irbe, I.; Jacobs, K.; Klamer, M.; Kržišnik, D.; Lesar, B.; Melcher, E.; Meyer-Veltrup, L.; Morrell, J.J.; Norton, J.; Palanti, S.; Presley, G.; Reinprecht, L.; Singh, T.; Stirling, R.; Venäläinen, M.; Westin, M.; Wong, A.H.H.; Suttie, E. Modelling the Material Resistance of Wood—Part 3: Relative Resistance in above- and in-Ground Situations—Results of a Global Survey. Forests 2021, 12, 590. https://doi.org/10.3390/f12050590

AMA Style

Brischke C, Alfredsen G, Humar M, Conti E, Cookson L, Emmerich L, Flæte PO, Fortino S, Francis L, Hundhausen U, Irbe I, Jacobs K, Klamer M, Kržišnik D, Lesar B, Melcher E, Meyer-Veltrup L, Morrell JJ, Norton J, Palanti S, Presley G, Reinprecht L, Singh T, Stirling R, Venäläinen M, Westin M, Wong AHH, Suttie E. Modelling the Material Resistance of Wood—Part 3: Relative Resistance in above- and in-Ground Situations—Results of a Global Survey. Forests. 2021; 12(5):590. https://doi.org/10.3390/f12050590

Chicago/Turabian Style

Brischke, Christian, Gry Alfredsen, Miha Humar, Elena Conti, Laurie Cookson, Lukas Emmerich, Per O. Flæte, Stefania Fortino, Lesley Francis, Ulrich Hundhausen, Ilze Irbe, Kordula Jacobs, Morten Klamer, Davor Kržišnik, Boštjan Lesar, Eckhard Melcher, Linda Meyer-Veltrup, Jeffrey J. Morrell, Jack Norton, Sabrina Palanti, Gerald Presley, Ladislav Reinprecht, Tripti Singh, Rod Stirling, Martti Venäläinen, Mats Westin, Andrew H.H. Wong, and Ed Suttie. 2021. "Modelling the Material Resistance of Wood—Part 3: Relative Resistance in above- and in-Ground Situations—Results of a Global Survey" Forests 12, no. 5: 590. https://doi.org/10.3390/f12050590

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