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Open AccessArticle

Estimating Crown Structure Parameters of Moso Bamboo: Leaf Area and Leaf Angle Distribution

1,2,3, 1,2,3,*, 1,2,3, 1,2,3, 1,2,3 and 1,2,3
1
State Key Laboratory of Subtropical Silviculture, Zhejiang A & F University, Hangzhou 311300, China
2
Key Laboratory of Carbon Cycling in Forest Ecosystems and Carbon Sequestration of Zhejiang Province, Zhejiang A & F University, Hangzhou 311300, China
3
School of Environmental and Resources Science, Zhejiang A & F University, Hangzhou 311300, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Forests 2019, 10(8), 686; https://doi.org/10.3390/f10080686
Received: 4 July 2019 / Revised: 10 August 2019 / Accepted: 12 August 2019 / Published: 14 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Modeling of Forest Structure and Dynamics)
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Abstract

Both leaf area (LA) and leaf angle distribution are the most important eco-physiological measures of tree crowns. However, there are limited published investigations on the two parameters of Moso bamboo (Phyllostachys edulis (Carrière) J. Houz., abbreviated as MB). The aim of this study was to develop allometric equations for predicting crown LA of MB by taking the diameter at breast height (DBH) and tree height (H) as predictors and to investigate the leaf angle distribution of a MB crown based on direct leaf angle measurements. Data were destructively sampled from 29 MB crowns including DBH, H, biomass and the area of sampled leaves, biomass of total crown leaves, and leaf angles. The results indicate that (1) the specific leaf area (SLA) of a MB crown decreases from the bottom to the top; (2) the vertical LA distribution of MB crowns follow a “Muffin top” shape; (3) the LA of MB crowns show large variations, from 7.42 to 74.38 m2; (4) both DBH and H are good predictors in allometry-based LA estimations for a MB crown; (5) linear, exponential, and logarithmic regressions show similar capabilities for the LA estimations; (6) leaf angle distributions from the top to the bottom of a MB crown can be considered as invariant; and (7) the leaf angle distribution of a MB crown is close to the planophile case. The results provide an important tool to estimate the LA of MB on the standing scale based on DBH or H measurements, provide useful prior knowledge for extracting leaf area indexes of MB canopies from remote sensing-based observations, and, therefore, will potentially serve as a crucial reference for calculating carbon balances and other ecological studies of MB forests. View Full-Text
Keywords: Moso bamboo; leaf area; specific leaf area; leaf angle distribution; destructive sampling Moso bamboo; leaf area; specific leaf area; leaf angle distribution; destructive sampling
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Wu, X.; Fan, W.; Du, H.; Ge, H.; Huang, F.; Xu, X. Estimating Crown Structure Parameters of Moso Bamboo: Leaf Area and Leaf Angle Distribution. Forests 2019, 10, 686.

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