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Open AccessArticle

Base Cation Fluxes from the Stemflow in Three Mixed Plantations in the Rainy Zone of Western China

1
School of Life Science, Taizhou University, Taizhou 318000, China
2
Key Laboratory of Ecological Forestry Engineering in the Upper Reaches of Yangtze River, Institute of Ecology and Forestry, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611130, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Forests 2019, 10(12), 1101; https://doi.org/10.3390/f10121101
Received: 8 October 2019 / Revised: 27 November 2019 / Accepted: 28 November 2019 / Published: 2 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ecologically Sustainable Forest Management)
Base cation transfer from stemflow is an important process for nutrient transfer and plays a key role in maintaining the balance of soil nutrient pools. To research the differences of stemflow chemistry in mixed plantations, we conducted a continuous field experiment in the rainy zone of Western China from December 2016 to November 2017. Three representative mixed plantations, including a conifer–broadleaved mixed plantation, a deciduous broadleaved mixed plantation and a multispecies mixed plantation, were selected to investigate the concentration and flux characteristics of K+, Na+, Ca2+ and Mg2+ in stemflow. The results showed that: (1) the K+, Na+, Ca2+ and Mg2+ fluxes ranged from 1.75 to 2.44 kg ha−1 year−1, 0.14 to 0.24 kg ha−1 year−1, 1.25 to 2.11 kg ha−1 year−1, and 0.40 to 0.60 kg ha−1 year−1 in these mixed plantations during the one-year observation, and the annual or seasonal (i.e., rainy or dry season) base cation fluxes in the stemflow varied slightly with the plantation types; (2) broadleaved trees had a higher average stemflow base cation contribution rate and flux-based enrichment ratio than coniferous trees, and the enrichment ratios showed a decreasing tendency with increasing trunk diameter; (3) the stemflow base cation concentration was higher in the dry season, while flux was observed to be higher in the rainy season. These results suggested that increasing the proportion of broadleaved species in mixed plantations might improve soil nutrient content and benefit material cycling in subtropical forest ecosystems.
Keywords: stemflow; base cations; tree species composition; mixed plantation; subtropical forest stemflow; base cations; tree species composition; mixed plantation; subtropical forest
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MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, Y.; Jiang, L.; You, C.; Li, H.; Tan, S.; Tan, B.; Yang, W. Base Cation Fluxes from the Stemflow in Three Mixed Plantations in the Rainy Zone of Western China. Forests 2019, 10, 1101.

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