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Open AccessArticle

Effects of Stress Relaxation Aging with Electrical Pulses on Microstructures and Properties of 2219 Aluminum Alloy

by Jingsheng Tan 1,2, Lihua Zhan 1,2,*, Jiao Zhang 1,2, Zhan Yang 1,2 and Ziyao Ma 1,2
1
State Key Laboratory of High Performance Complex Manufacturing, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China
2
School of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Peter J. Uggowitzer
Materials 2016, 9(7), 538; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma9070538
Received: 16 May 2016 / Revised: 24 June 2016 / Accepted: 27 June 2016 / Published: 1 July 2016
To realize the high-efficiency and high-performance manufacture of complex high-web panels, this paper introduced electric pulse current (EPC) into the stress relaxation aging forming process of 2219 aluminum alloy and systematically studied the effects of EPC, stress, and aging time upon the microstructure and properties of 2219 aluminum alloy. It is discovered that: (a) EPC greatly enhanced the mechanical properties after stress relaxation aging and reduced the sensitivity of the yield strength for the initial stress under the aging system of 165 °C/11 h; (b) compared with general aging, stress relaxation aging instead delayed the aging process of 2219 aluminum alloy and greatly increased the peak strength value; (c) EPC accelerated the aging precipitation behavior of 2219 aluminum alloy and reduced transgranular and grain-boundary energy difference, thus leading to a more diffused distribution of the transgranular precipitated phase and the absence of a significant precipitation-free zone (PFZ) and grain-boundary stable phase in the grain boundary, further improving the mechanical properties of the alloy. View Full-Text
Keywords: 2219 aluminum alloy; stress relaxation aging; electrical pulses; mechanical properties; microstructure 2219 aluminum alloy; stress relaxation aging; electrical pulses; mechanical properties; microstructure
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tan, J.; Zhan, L.; Zhang, J.; Yang, Z.; Ma, Z. Effects of Stress Relaxation Aging with Electrical Pulses on Microstructures and Properties of 2219 Aluminum Alloy. Materials 2016, 9, 538.

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