Next Article in Journal
Creep of Polycrystalline Magnesium Aluminate Spinel Studied by an SPS Apparatus
Previous Article in Journal
Effect of Interface Modified by Graphene on the Mechanical and Frictional Properties of Carbon/Graphene/Carbon Composites
Article Menu
Issue 6 (June) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessFeature PaperArticle
Materials 2016, 9(6), 490;

Reuse of Textile Dyeing Effluents Treated with Coupled Nanofiltration and Electrochemical Processes

Institute of Textile Research and Industrial Cooperation of Terrassa (INTEXTER), Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya-BarcelonaTech (UPC), C/Colom 15, Terrassa 08222, Spain
Department of Project and Construction Engineering, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya-Barcelona Tech (UPC), C/Colom 11, Terrassa 08222, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Reza Montazami
Received: 25 May 2016 / Revised: 13 June 2016 / Accepted: 14 June 2016 / Published: 20 June 2016
Full-Text   |   PDF [1798 KB, uploaded 20 June 2016]   |  


The reactive dye Cibacron Yellow S-3R was selected to evaluate the feasibility of combining nanofiltration membranes with electrochemical processes to treat textile wastewater. Synthetic dyeing effluents were treated by means of two nanofiltration membranes, Hydracore10 and Hydracore50. Up to 98% of dye removal was achieved. The influence of salt concentration and pH on membrane treatment was studied. The best dye removal yield was achieved at pH 3 in the presence of 60 g/L of NaCl. After the membrane filtration, the concentrate containing high dye concentration was treated by means of an electrochemical process at three different current densities: 33, 83, and 166 mA/cm2. Results showed a lineal relationship between treatment time and applied current density. Both permeates and electrochemically-decoloured effluents were reused in new dyeing processes (100% of permeate and 70% of decoloured concentrates). Dyed fabrics were evaluated with respect to original dyeing. Colour differences were found to be into the acceptance range. View Full-Text
Keywords: dyeing effluent; nanofiltration; electrochemical process; water reuse dyeing effluent; nanofiltration; electrochemical process; water reuse

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Buscio, V.; García-Jiménez, M.; Vilaseca, M.; López-Grimau, V.; Crespi, M.; Gutiérrez-Bouzán, C. Reuse of Textile Dyeing Effluents Treated with Coupled Nanofiltration and Electrochemical Processes. Materials 2016, 9, 490.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Materials EISSN 1996-1944 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top