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Open AccessReview

Effects of Rare Earth Metals on Steel Microstructures

Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 70101, Taiwan
Chengdu Base, Panzhihua Iron & Steel Research Institute Co., Ltd., Chengdu 610399, China
Electronic Engineering, Kao Yuan University, Kaohsiung 82151, Taiwan
Steelmaking Process Development Section, China Steel Corporation, Kaohsiung 81233, Taiwan
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Douglas Ivey
Materials 2016, 9(6), 417;
Received: 6 April 2016 / Revised: 17 May 2016 / Accepted: 19 May 2016 / Published: 27 May 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Structure Analysis and Characterization)
Rare earth metals are used in semiconductors, solar cells and catalysts. This review focuses on the background of oxide metallurgy technologies, the chemical and physical properties of rare earth (RE) metals, the background of oxide metallurgy, the functions of RE metals in steelmaking, and the influences of RE metals on steel microstructures. Future prospects for RE metal applications in steelmaking are also presented. View Full-Text
Keywords: rare earth metals; steel; microstructure rare earth metals; steel; microstructure
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pan, F.; Zhang, J.; Chen, H.-L.; Su, Y.-H.; Kuo, C.-L.; Su, Y.-H.; Chen, S.-H.; Lin, K.-J.; Hsieh, P.-H.; Hwang, W.-S. Effects of Rare Earth Metals on Steel Microstructures. Materials 2016, 9, 417.

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