Next Article in Journal
Modeling of the Kinetics of Supercritical Fluid Extraction of Lipids from Microalgae with Emphasis on Extract Desorption
Previous Article in Journal
Modeling Cyclic Fatigue Hysteresis Loops of 2D Woven Ceramic Matrix Composites at Elevated Temperatures in Steam
Open AccessReview

Effects of Rare Earth Metals on Steel Microstructures

1
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 70101, Taiwan
2
Chengdu Base, Panzhihua Iron & Steel Research Institute Co., Ltd., Chengdu 610399, China
3
Electronic Engineering, Kao Yuan University, Kaohsiung 82151, Taiwan
4
Steelmaking Process Development Section, China Steel Corporation, Kaohsiung 81233, Taiwan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Douglas Ivey
Materials 2016, 9(6), 417; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma9060417
Received: 6 April 2016 / Revised: 17 May 2016 / Accepted: 19 May 2016 / Published: 27 May 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Structure Analysis and Characterization)
Rare earth metals are used in semiconductors, solar cells and catalysts. This review focuses on the background of oxide metallurgy technologies, the chemical and physical properties of rare earth (RE) metals, the background of oxide metallurgy, the functions of RE metals in steelmaking, and the influences of RE metals on steel microstructures. Future prospects for RE metal applications in steelmaking are also presented. View Full-Text
Keywords: rare earth metals; steel; microstructure rare earth metals; steel; microstructure
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Pan, F.; Zhang, J.; Chen, H.-L.; Su, Y.-H.; Kuo, C.-L.; Su, Y.-H.; Chen, S.-H.; Lin, K.-J.; Hsieh, P.-H.; Hwang, W.-S. Effects of Rare Earth Metals on Steel Microstructures. Materials 2016, 9, 417.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop