Next Article in Journal
Preparation, Characterization and Performances of Powdered Polycarboxylate Superplasticizer with Bulk Polymerization
Previous Article in Journal
The Corrosion Behavior of Pure Iron under Solid Na2SO4 Deposit in Wet Oxygen Flow at 500 °C
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Materials 2014, 7(9), 6158-6168;

What Happens during Natural Protein Fibre Dissolution in Ionic Liquids

Institute for Frontier Materials, Deakin University, Waurn Ponds, VIC 3216, Australia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 July 2014 / Revised: 14 August 2014 / Accepted: 19 August 2014 / Published: 28 August 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Biomaterials)
Full-Text   |   PDF [333 KB, uploaded 28 August 2014]   |  


Here, we monitor the dissolution of several natural protein fibres such as wool, human hair and silk, in various ionic liquids (ILs). The dissolution of protein-based materials using ILs is an emerging area exploring the production of new materials from waste products. Wool is a keratin fibre, which is extensively used in the textiles industry and as a result has considerable amounts of waste produced each year. Wool, along with human hair, has a unique morphology whereby the outer layer, the cuticle, is heavily cross linked with disulphide bonds, whereas silk does not have this outer layer. Here we show how ILs dissolve natural protein fibres and how the mechanism of dissolution is directly related to the structure and morphology of the wool fibre. View Full-Text
Keywords: protein; ionic liquid (IL); dissolution; hydrogen bond; disulphide bond protein; ionic liquid (IL); dissolution; hydrogen bond; disulphide bond

Graphical abstract

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Supplementary material


Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Chen, J.; Vongsanga, K.; Wang, X.; Byrne, N. What Happens during Natural Protein Fibre Dissolution in Ionic Liquids. Materials 2014, 7, 6158-6168.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Materials EISSN 1996-1944 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top