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Materials 2009, 2(3), 1127-1179;

Syntheses and Functional Properties of Phthalocyanines

Department of Sustainable Engineering, College of Industrial Technology, Nihon University, 1-2-1 Izumi-cho, Narashino-shi, Chiba-ken 275-8575 Japan
Department of Applied Molecular Chemistry, College of Industrial Technology, Nihon University, 1- 2-1 Izumi-cho, Narashino-shi, Chiba-ken 275-8575 Japan
Research Institute of Chemical Science, Technology and Education, 8-37-1-104 Narashinodai, Funabashi-shi Chiba-ken 274-0063 Japan
Current address: Tokyo Chemical Industry Co. Ltd., 4-10-2 Nihombashi-honcho, Chuo-ku, Tokyo 103-0023 Japan
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 June 2009 / Revised: 19 August 2009 / Accepted: 24 August 2009 / Published: 28 August 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Functional Colorants)


Metal phthalocyanine tetrasulfonic acids, metal phthalocyanine octacarboxylic acids, metal octakis(hexyloxymethyl)phthalocyanines, and metal anthraquinocyanines have been synthesized. Then, zinc bis(1,4-didecylbenzo)-bis(3,4-pyrido)porphyrazines, the cyclotetramerization products of a 1:1 mixture of 3,6-didecylphthalonitrile and 3,4-dicyanopyridine, were synthesized. Futher, subphthalocyanine and its derivatives, with substituents such as thiobutyl and thiophenyl moieties were synthesized. Electrochemical measurements were performed on the abovementioned phthalocyanine derivatives and analogues in order to examine their electron transfer abilities and electrochemical reaction mechanisms in an organic solvent. Moreover, 1,4,8,11,15,18,22,25-octakis(thiophenylmethyl) phthalocyanes were synthesized. The Q-bands of the latter compounds appeared in the near-infrared region. Furthermore, non-colored transparent films in the visible region can be produced. View Full-Text
Keywords: phtalocyanine; subphthalocyanine; electrochemistry; near infrared absorption phtalocyanine; subphthalocyanine; electrochemistry; near infrared absorption

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Sakamoto, K.; Ohno-Okumura, E. Syntheses and Functional Properties of Phthalocyanines. Materials 2009, 2, 1127-1179.

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