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Spectroscopic, Theoretical and Antioxidant Study of 3d-Transition Metals (Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II)) Complexes with Cichoric Acid

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Department of Chemistry, Biology and Biotechnology, Bialystok University of Technology, Wiejska 45E Street, 15-351 Bialystok, Poland
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Department of Food Analysis, Institute of Agricultural and Food Biotechnology, Rakowiecka 36 Street, 02-532 Warsaw, Poland
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2020, 13(14), 3102; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13143102
Received: 25 May 2020 / Revised: 4 July 2020 / Accepted: 8 July 2020 / Published: 11 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Structure Analysis and Characterization)
Cichoric acid (CA) is a derivative of both caffeic acid and tartaric acid. It was isolated for the first time from Cichorium intybus L. (chicory) but it also occurs in significant amounts in Echinacea, particularly E. purpurea, dandelion leaves, basil, lemon balm and in aquatic plants, including algae and sea grasses. It has a wide spectrum of biological properties, including antioxidant, antiviral, anti-inflammatory and other. The work yielded cichoric acid complexes with selected transition metals, i.e., copper(II), nickel(II), zinc(II) and cobalt(II). In this work the dependency between the molecular structure and biological activity was discussed. The molecular structure was studied by means of infrared spectroscopy (Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) Raman (FT-Raman)), electronic absorption spectroscopy (ultraviolet–visible (UV/VIS)) and theoretical calculations (density functional theory (DFT), Hartree–Fock (HF)). Understanding the mechanism of the effect of metals on the electronic system of ligands with biological importance will facilitate in the future the search for new, effective and natural antioxidants. The composition of the studied complexes in aqueous solutions was determined at a constant pH by the Job’s method. Antioxidative properties of the tested compounds were determined using the ferric-reducing antioxidant power (FRAP), DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picryl-hydrazyl-hydrate free radical method), cupric-reducing antioxidant capacity (CUPRAC) and Superoxide Dismutase Activity Assay (SOD). View Full-Text
Keywords: cichoric acid; caffeic acid; antioxidant properties; metal complexes cichoric acid; caffeic acid; antioxidant properties; metal complexes
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MDPI and ACS Style

Świderski, G.; Jabłońska-Trypuć, A.; Kalinowska, M.; Świsłocka, R.; Karpowicz, D.; Magnuszewska, M.; Lewandowski, W. Spectroscopic, Theoretical and Antioxidant Study of 3d-Transition Metals (Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II)) Complexes with Cichoric Acid. Materials 2020, 13, 3102. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13143102

AMA Style

Świderski G, Jabłońska-Trypuć A, Kalinowska M, Świsłocka R, Karpowicz D, Magnuszewska M, Lewandowski W. Spectroscopic, Theoretical and Antioxidant Study of 3d-Transition Metals (Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II)) Complexes with Cichoric Acid. Materials. 2020; 13(14):3102. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13143102

Chicago/Turabian Style

Świderski, Grzegorz, Agata Jabłońska-Trypuć, Monika Kalinowska, Renata Świsłocka, Danuta Karpowicz, Marta Magnuszewska, and Włodzimierz Lewandowski. 2020. "Spectroscopic, Theoretical and Antioxidant Study of 3d-Transition Metals (Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II)) Complexes with Cichoric Acid" Materials 13, no. 14: 3102. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13143102

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