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The Effect of Various Plasma Gases on the Shear Bond Strength between Unfilled Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) and Veneering Composite Following Artificial Aging

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Section Medical Materials Science & Technology, University Hospital Tuebingen, Osianderstrasse 2-8, 72076 Tuebingen, Germany
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Department of Prosthodontics at the Centre of Dentistry, Oral Medicine, and Maxillofacial Surgery Dental School, Tuebingen University Hospital, Osianderstrasse 2-8, 72076 Tuebingen, Germany
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Department of Dental Surgery, Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Trubetskaya str. 8-2, 119991 Moscow, Russia
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Department of Conservative Dentistry, at the Centre of Dentistry, Oral Medicine and Maxillofacial Surgery Dental School, Tuebingen University Hospital, Osianderstrasse 2-8, 72076 Tuebingen, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2019, 12(9), 1447; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12091447
Received: 15 April 2019 / Revised: 28 April 2019 / Accepted: 30 April 2019 / Published: 4 May 2019
This study investigated the effect of different gaseous plasma surface treatments on the shear bond strength between unfilled polyetheretherketone (PEEK) and veneering composite resin. The study followed ISO 10477 guidelines in preparing, bonding, and testing the samples. Specimens of unfilled PEEK were distributed to one of the following six surface treatment groups: reference, adhesive, argon, nitrogen, oxygen, and air plasmas. After milling, the specimens were wet polished using (P320) polishing discs. Bonding procedures were done according to the manufacturer’s instructions using (Opaquer + Dentine), except in the adhesive group (Visio.link + Opaquer + Dentine). Afterwards, thermal cycling for 5000 cycles between 5 and 55 °C in distilled water was conducted. Finally, the shear bond strengths of all groups were calculated, and mode of fracture was determined. Nitrogen surface treatment had the highest mean shear bond strength of 10.04 (±1.84) MPa, while the reference group showed the lowest value of 5.38 (±2.90) MPa. Regarding mode of fracture, all the specimens showed a 100% adhesive failure mode. Plasma surface treatment can be a reliable alternative method to the traditional protocol of bonding veneering composite resin to unfilled PEEK material. View Full-Text
Keywords: PEEK; plasma surface treatment; veneering composite resin; shear bond strength; thermocycling PEEK; plasma surface treatment; veneering composite resin; shear bond strength; thermocycling
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Younis, M.; Unkovskiy, A.; ElAyouti, A.; Geis-Gerstorfer, J.; Spintzyk, S. The Effect of Various Plasma Gases on the Shear Bond Strength between Unfilled Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) and Veneering Composite Following Artificial Aging. Materials 2019, 12, 1447.

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