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Open AccessArticle

Reduction of Haematite Using Hydrogen Thermal Plasma

1
Department of Metallurgy, Montanuniversitaet Leoben, 8700 Leoben, Austria
2
K1-MET GmbH, Stahlstraße 14, A-4020 Linz, Austria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2019, 12(10), 1608; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12101608
Received: 19 April 2019 / Revised: 13 May 2019 / Accepted: 14 May 2019 / Published: 16 May 2019
The development of hydrogen plasma smelting reduction as a CO2 emission-free steel-making process is a promising approach. This study presents a concept of the reduction of haematite using hydrogen thermal plasma. A laboratory scale and pilot scale hydrogen plasma smelting reduction (HPSR) process are introduced. To assess the reduction behaviour of haematite, a series of experiments have been conducted and the main parameters of the reduction behaviour, namely the degree of hydrogen utilization, degree of reduction and the reduction rate are discussed. The thermodynamic aspect of the hematite reduction is considered, and the pertinent calculations were carried out using FactSageTM 7.2. The degree of hydrogen utilization and the degree of reduction were calculated using the off-gas chemical composition. The contribution of carbon, introduced from the graphite electrode, ignition pin and steel crucible, to the reduction reactions was studied. The degree of reduction of haematite, regarding H2O, CO and CO2 as the gaseous reduction products, was determined. It is shown that the degree of hydrogen utilization and the reduction rate were high at the beginning of the experiments, then decreased during the reduction process owing to the diminishing of iron oxide. Conducting experiments with the high basicity of slag B2 = 2 led to a decrease of the phosphorus concentration in the produced iron. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydrogen plasma; smelting reduction; iron oxide; plasma arc; degree of hydrogen utilization; degree of reduction; haematite; basicity hydrogen plasma; smelting reduction; iron oxide; plasma arc; degree of hydrogen utilization; degree of reduction; haematite; basicity
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    Doi: DOI: 10.20944/preprints201904.0261.v1
MDPI and ACS Style

Naseri Seftejani, M.; Schenk, J.; Zarl, M.A. Reduction of Haematite Using Hydrogen Thermal Plasma. Materials 2019, 12, 1608. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12101608

AMA Style

Naseri Seftejani M, Schenk J, Zarl MA. Reduction of Haematite Using Hydrogen Thermal Plasma. Materials. 2019; 12(10):1608. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12101608

Chicago/Turabian Style

Naseri Seftejani, Masab; Schenk, Johannes; Zarl, Michael A. 2019. "Reduction of Haematite Using Hydrogen Thermal Plasma" Materials 12, no. 10: 1608. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12101608

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