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Materials 2019, 12(1), 172; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12010172

Study of the Microstructure and Crack Evolution Behavior of Al-5Fe-1.5Er Alloy

College of Materials Science and Engineering, Inner Mongolia University of Technology, Hohhot 010051, China
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Received: 19 November 2018 / Revised: 24 December 2018 / Accepted: 29 December 2018 / Published: 7 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced Materials for Transport Applications)
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Abstract

In this work, the microstructure of Al-5Fe-1.5Er alloy was characterized and analyzed using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) techniques. The effect of microstructure on the behavior of crack initiation and propagation was investigated using in situ tensile testing. The results showed that when 1.5 wt.% Er was added in the Al-5Fe alloy, the microstructure consisted of α-Al matrix, Al3Fe, Al4Er, and Al3Fe + Al4Er eutectic phases. The twin structure of Al3Fe phase was observed, and the twin plane was {001}. Moreover, a continuous concave and convex interface structure of Al4Er was observed. Furthermore, Al3Fe was in the form of a sheet with a clear gap inside. In situ tensile tests of the alloy at room temperature showed that the crack initiation mainly occurred in the Al3Fe phase, and that the crack propagation modes included intergranular and trans-granular expansions. The crack trans-granular expansion was due to the strong binding between Al4Er phases and surrounding organization, whereas the continuous concave and convex interface structure of Al4Er provided a significant meshing effect on the matrix and the eutectic structure. View Full-Text
Keywords: Al-5Fe-Er alloy; microstructure; in situ tension; crack evolution Al-5Fe-Er alloy; microstructure; in situ tension; crack evolution
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Li, M.; Shi, Z.; Wu, X.; Wang, H.; Liu, Y. Study of the Microstructure and Crack Evolution Behavior of Al-5Fe-1.5Er Alloy. Materials 2019, 12, 172.

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