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Open AccessArticle

Thermal, Spectral and Laser Properties of Er3+:Yb3+:GdMgB5O10: A New Crystal for 1.5 μm Lasers

Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Materials Chemistry and Physics, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou 350002, China
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2018, 11(1), 25;
Received: 28 November 2017 / Revised: 20 December 2017 / Accepted: 21 December 2017 / Published: 25 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Laser Materials Processing)
A novel laser crystal of Er3+:Yb3+:GdMgB5O10 with dimension of 26 × 16 × 12 mm3 was grown successfully from K2Mo3O10 flux by the top seeded solution growth method. The thermal diffusivity and specific heat capacity were measured to calculate the thermal conductivity of the crystal. The absorption and fluorescence properties of the crystal at room temperature were investigated in detail. The Judd-Ofelt method was used to analyze the polarized absorption spectra. The emission cross-section of the 4I13/24I15/2 transition was calculated by the Füchtbauer-Ladenburg formula and the relevant gain cross-sections were estimated. Continuous-wave laser output of 140 mW at 1569 nm with the slope efficiency of 17.8% was demonstrated in a plano-concave resonator. The results reveal that Er3+:Yb3+:GdMgB5O10 crystal is a promising material for 1.5 μm lasers. View Full-Text
Keywords: laser materials; erbium ion; optical spectroscopy; lasers laser materials; erbium ion; optical spectroscopy; lasers
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MDPI and ACS Style

Huang, Y.; Yuan, F.; Sun, S.; Lin, Z.; Zhang, L. Thermal, Spectral and Laser Properties of Er3+:Yb3+:GdMgB5O10: A New Crystal for 1.5 μm Lasers. Materials 2018, 11, 25.

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