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Influence of Electrification Pathways in the Electricity Sector of Ethiopia—Policy Implications Linking Spatial Electrification Analysis and Medium to Long-Term Energy Planning

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Division of Energy Systems, Department of Energy Technology, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Brinellvagen 68, 10044 Stockholm, Sweden
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Energy Center, Addis Ababa Institute of Technology, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa P.O. Box 385, Ethiopia
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UCL Energy Institute, University College London, Central House, 14 Upper Woburn Place, London WC1H 0NN, UK
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Department of Geography, Loughborough University, Loughborough LE11 3TT, UK
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Center for Environmental Policy, Imperial College London, London SW7 2BU, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ricardo Bessa
Energies 2021, 14(4), 1209; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14041209
Received: 13 December 2020 / Revised: 10 February 2021 / Accepted: 11 February 2021 / Published: 23 February 2021
Ethiopia is a low-income country, with low electricity access (45%) and an inefficient power transmission network. The government aims to achieve universal access and become an electricity exporter in the region by 2025. This study provides an invaluable perspective on different aspects of Ethiopia’s energy transition, focusing on achieving universal access and covering the country’s electricity needs during 2015–2065. We co-developed and investigated three scenarios to examine the policy and technology levels available to the government to meet their national priorities. To conduct this analysis, we soft-linked OnSSET, a modelling tool used for geospatial analysis, with OSeMOSYS, a cost-optimization modelling tool used for medium to long-run energy planning. Our results show that the country needs to diversify its power generation system to achieve universal access and cover its future electricity needs by increasing its overall carbon dioxide emissions and fully exploit hydropower. With the aim of achieving universal access by 2025, the newly electrified population is supplied primarily by the grid (65%), followed by stand-alone (32%) technologies. Similarly, until 2065, most of the electrified people by 2025 will continue to be grid-connected (99%). The country’s exports will increase to 17 TWh by 2065, up from 832 GWh in 2015, leading to a cumulative rise in electricity export revenues of 184 billion USD. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy planning; electricity demand scenarios; on-grid and off-grid technologies; OSeMOSYS; OnSSET; SDG7 energy planning; electricity demand scenarios; on-grid and off-grid technologies; OSeMOSYS; OnSSET; SDG7
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pappis, I.; Sahlberg, A.; Walle, T.; Broad, O.; Eludoyin, E.; Howells, M.; Usher, W. Influence of Electrification Pathways in the Electricity Sector of Ethiopia—Policy Implications Linking Spatial Electrification Analysis and Medium to Long-Term Energy Planning. Energies 2021, 14, 1209. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14041209

AMA Style

Pappis I, Sahlberg A, Walle T, Broad O, Eludoyin E, Howells M, Usher W. Influence of Electrification Pathways in the Electricity Sector of Ethiopia—Policy Implications Linking Spatial Electrification Analysis and Medium to Long-Term Energy Planning. Energies. 2021; 14(4):1209. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14041209

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pappis, Ioannis, Andreas Sahlberg, Tewodros Walle, Oliver Broad, Elusiyan Eludoyin, Mark Howells, and Will Usher. 2021. "Influence of Electrification Pathways in the Electricity Sector of Ethiopia—Policy Implications Linking Spatial Electrification Analysis and Medium to Long-Term Energy Planning" Energies 14, no. 4: 1209. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14041209

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