Next Article in Journal
Thermophysical Properties of 1-Butanol at High Pressures
Next Article in Special Issue
Supporting Decentralised Energy Management through Smart Monitoring Systems in Public Authorities
Previous Article in Journal
Effects of Flame Propagation Velocity and Turbulence Intensity on End-Gas Auto-Ignition in a Spark Ignition Gasoline Engine
Article

Scalability of Low Carbon Energy Communities in Spain: An Empiric Approach from the Renewed Commons Paradigm

1
Department of Finance and Economics, University of Deusto, 48007 Bilbao, Spain
2
Department of Sociology, University of the Basque Country, 48940 Leioa, Spain
3
Department of Strategy and Information Systems, University of Deusto, 48007 Bilbao, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2020, 13(19), 5045; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13195045
Received: 19 August 2020 / Revised: 18 September 2020 / Accepted: 21 September 2020 / Published: 25 September 2020
Through the implementation of low carbon-based energy systems and participatory modes of governance, there are countless collective initiatives progressing towards a sustainable and resilient energy model. Local alternatives necessarily have to be able to scale in order to address global challenges. From the renewed paradigm of the commons, this empirical research provides a precise picture of the present scalability of these (self) transformative initiatives in Spain. Based on the identification and qualitative analysis of 18 of them via semi-structured in-depth interviews, the article explores their upper and lower limits; the importance of power distribution and citizen participation; the relational dimension of the scale; the upscaling forms and the role of public institutions. On the basis of the results obtained, the article finally presents recommendations aimed at strengthening this scalability of the energy commons. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy; sustainability; commons; scalability; community energy; sustainability; commons; scalability; community
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Atutxa, E.; Zubero, I.; Calvo-Sotomayor, I. Scalability of Low Carbon Energy Communities in Spain: An Empiric Approach from the Renewed Commons Paradigm. Energies 2020, 13, 5045. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13195045

AMA Style

Atutxa E, Zubero I, Calvo-Sotomayor I. Scalability of Low Carbon Energy Communities in Spain: An Empiric Approach from the Renewed Commons Paradigm. Energies. 2020; 13(19):5045. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13195045

Chicago/Turabian Style

Atutxa, Ekhi, Imanol Zubero, and Iñigo Calvo-Sotomayor. 2020. "Scalability of Low Carbon Energy Communities in Spain: An Empiric Approach from the Renewed Commons Paradigm" Energies 13, no. 19: 5045. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13195045

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop